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春云实Caesalpinia vernalis

时间:2018-08-13 20:26来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):春云实 学名( Scientific Name ): Caesalpinia vernalis Champ. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 乌爪簕藤 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 豆科(Leguminosae)云实属 形态
中文名(Chinese Name):春云实
学名(Scientific Name):Caesalpinia vernalis Champ.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):乌爪簕藤
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):云实科,Caesalpiniaceae云实属
形态特征(Description):有刺藤本,各部被锈色绒毛。二回羽状复叶;叶轴长25-35厘米,有刺,被柔毛;羽片8-16对,长5-8厘米;小叶6-10对,对生,革质,卵状披针形、卵形或椭圆形,长12-25毫米,宽6-12毫米,先端急尖,基部圆形,上面无毛,深绿色,有光泽,下面粉绿色,疏被锈色绒毛;小叶柄长1.5-2毫米。圆锥花序生于上部叶腋或顶生,多花;花梗长7-9毫米;萼片倒卵状长圆形,被纤毛,下面一片较其他的大,长约1厘米;花瓣黄色,上面一片较小,外卷,有红色斑纹;雄蕊先端下倾,花丝下部被柔毛;子房具短柄,被短柔毛,有胚珠2颗,花柱粗,柱头斜截形。荚果斜长圆形,长4-6厘米,宽2.5-3.5厘米,木质,黑紫色,无网脉,有皱纹,先端具喙;种子2颗,斧形,一端截形稍凹,有光泽,长约1.7厘米,宽约2厘米,种脐在阔截形一端。花期4月;果期12月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、福建南部和浙江南部。生于山沟湿润的沙土上或岩石旁。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 41, 43, 44
Caesalpinia vernalis Champion ex Bentham, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 77. 1852.
春云实 chun yun shi| Fabaceae  | Caesalpinia
Climbers, prickly, ferruginous velutinous throughout. Leaves with 25-30 cm, pubescent, prickly rachis; pinnae 8-16 pairs, 5-8 cm; petiolules 1.5-2 mm; leaflets 6-10 pairs, abax­ially glaucous, adaxially deep green and shiny, ovate-lanceolate, ovate, or elliptic, 1.2-2.5 cm × 6-12 mm, leathery, abaxi­ally sparsely ferruginous velutinous, adaxially glabrous, base rounded, apex acute. Panicles in axils of upper leaves or termi­nal, with abundant flowers. Pedicels 7-9 mm. Sepals obovate-oblong, ciliate, lower one larger than others, ca. 1 cm. Petals yellow, upper one smaller, revolute, with red stripes. Stamens apically descending, lower part of filaments pubescent. Ovary with short stalk, puberulent, 2-ovuled; style thick; stigma obliquely truncate. Legume blackish purple, obliquely oblong, 4-6 × 2.5-3.5 cm, woody, wrinkled, without reticulate veins, apex beaked. Seeds 2, shiny, axe-shaped, ca. 1.7 × 2 cm, trun­cate and slightly concave on one end. Fl. Apr, fr. Dec.
● Moist sandy soils, beside rocks along valleys, thickets; ca. 600 m. S Fujian, Guangdong, S Zhejiang.




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