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宽药青藤Illigera celebica

时间:2013-09-24 12:33来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):宽药青藤 学名( Scientific Name ): Illigera celebica Miq. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Illigera yaoshanensis Hao Illigera ovatifolia Quisumb. et Merr. Ill
中文名(Chinese Name):宽药青藤
学名(Scientific Name):Illigera celebica Miq.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym): Illigera yaoshanensis Hao  Illigera ovatifolia Quisumb. et Merr.  Illigera platyandra Dunn
科属(Family & Genus):莲叶桐科(Hernandiaceae)青藤属
形态特征(Description):藤本。茎具沟棱,无毛。指状复叶有3小叶;叶柄长5-7(-14)厘米,具条纹,无毛。小叶卵形至卵状椭圆形,纸质至近革质,长6-15厘米,宽3.5-7厘米,两面光滑无毛,先端突然渐尖,基部圆形至近心形,侧脉4-5对,两面明显,网脉两面显著,小叶柄长1-2厘米,无毛。聚伞花序组成的圆锥花序腋生,较疏松,长约20厘米。小苞片小。花绿白色;花萼管长3毫米,顶端缢缩,无毛;萼片5,椭圆状长圆形,长5-6毫米,宽约2.5毫米,被柔毛,具透明腺点,被短柔毛;雄蕊5,花丝在花芽内围绕花药卷曲,花开后长出花瓣2倍以上,下部宽达1.5-2.5毫米,形扁,被短柔毛,附属物卵球形,小,被花丝所覆盖,具柄,子房下位,四棱形;花柱长2.5毫米,被柔毛,柱头波状扩大成鸡冠状;花盘上的腺体5,球形,小。果具4翅,直径3-4.5厘米,小的翅长0.5-1厘米,大的翅长1.5-2.3厘米。花期4-10月,果期6-11月。
分布(Distribution):产印度、缅甸等地。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 7 Page 256, 259
Illigera celebica Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 2: 215. 1866.
宽药青藤 kuan yao qing teng| Hernandiaceae  | Illigera
Illigera platyandra Dunn; ?I. yaoshanensis K. S. Hao.
Lianas. Stem angulate, glabrous. Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole 5-7(-14) cm, striate, glabrous; leaflets: petiolules 1-2.5 cm, glabrous; blade ovate to ovate-elliptic, 6-15 × 3.5-7 cm, papery to subleathery, both surfaces glabrous, lateral veins 4- or 5-paired, veinlets conspicuous on both surfaces, base rounded to subcordate, apex abruptly acuminate. Cymose panicles axillary, lax, ca. 20 cm. Flowers green-white; bracteoles small; flower buds globose, 2-5 mm in diam. Outer tepals elliptic-oblong, 5-6 × 2-2.5 mm, pubescent. Inner tepals similar to outer ones but narrower and abaxially conspicuously densely shortly white pubescent. Filaments curved around anthers in bud, tepal-like, lower part complanate, 1.5-2.5 mm wide, filiform toward apex, ca. 2 × as long as tepals when open, pubescent; appendages stipitate, clavate, ovoid, ca. 0.6 mm, inserted abaxially on broad base of filaments and covered by them. Ovary ca. 3 mm, tetragonous, constricted at apex, glabrous; style ca. 2.5 mm, villous; stigma dilated, cristate. Interstaminal glands absent. Fruit 3-5 cm in diam., 4-winged; large wings 1.5-2.5 cm wide, smaller wings 0.5-1.4 cm wide. Fl. Apr-Dec, fr. Jun-Nov.
Sparse or dense forests; (200-)300-1300 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].
The roots and stems are used medicinally for relieving foot pain and pain from rheumatism and headaches.












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