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红花青藤Illigera rhodantha

时间:2018-06-29 11:48来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):红花青藤 学名( Scientific Name ): Illigera rhodantha Hance 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 毛青藤 异名( Synonym ): Illigera petelotii Merr. 科属( Family Genus ): 莲叶桐科
中文名(Chinese Name):红花青藤
学名(Scientific Name):Illigera rhodantha Hance
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):毛青藤
异名(Synonym):Illigera petelotii Merr.
科属(Family & Genus):莲叶桐科(Hernandiaceae)青藤属
形态特征(Description):藤本。茎具沟棱,幼枝被金黄褐色绒毛,指状复叶互生,有小叶3;叶柄长4-10厘米,密被金黄褐色绒毛。小叶纸质,卵形至倒卵状椭圆形或卵状椭圆形,长6-11厘米,宽3-7厘米,先端钝,基部圆形或近心形,全缘,上面中脉被短柔毛,下面中脉稍被毛或无毛,侧脉约4对,两面显著,网脉在下面显著;小叶柄长0.3-1.5厘米,密被金黄褐色绒毛。聚伞花序组成的圆锥花序腋生,狭长,较叶柄长,密被金黄褐色绒毛,萼片紫红色,长圆形,外面稍被短柔毛,长约8毫米;花瓣与萼片同形,稍短,玫瑰红色;雄蕊5,长6-9毫米,被毛;附属物花瓣状,膜质,先端齿状,背部张口状,具柄;子房下部,花柱长5毫米,被黄色绒毛,柱头波状扩大成鸡冠状;花盘上腺体5,小。果具4翅,翅较大的舌形或近圆形,长2.5-3.5厘米,小的长0.5-1厘米。花期(6-) 9-11月,果期12月至次年4-5月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西、云南。生于海拔100-2100米山谷密林或疏林灌丛中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 7 Page 256, 258
Illigera rhodantha Hance, J. Bot. 21: 321. 1883.
红花青藤 hong hua qing teng | Hernandiaceae  | Illigera
Lianas. Stem angulate. Branchlets tomentose or villous. Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole 4-10 cm, sparsely pubescent, tomentose, or villous; leaflets: petiolules 0.3-1.5 cm, densely golden brown tomentose; blade ovate to obovate-elliptic or ovate-elliptic, 6-11(-16) × (2-)3-7(-9) cm, papery, lateral veins ca. 4-paired, conspicuous on both surfaces, veinlets scalariform, conspicuous abaxially, base subrounded or subcordate, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate. Cymose panicles axillary, longer than petioles, narrow, densely golden brown tomentose. Flowers red. Outer tepals purple-red, oblong, 8-10 mm, abaxially sparsely pubescent. Inner tepals similar to outer ones but slightly shorter, rose. Stamens 6-9 mm, pubescent; filaments straight in bud, 5-7 mm; appendages on ca. 1 mm stipe, ca. 2.5 mm total, membranous, abaxially with open mouth, apex dentate. Ovary densely brown pubescent; style 5-6 mm, yellow tomentose. Interstaminal glands small. Fruit 4-winged; large wings ligulate or suborbicular, 2.5-3.5 cm wide, smaller ones 0.5-1 cm wide. Fl. (Jun-)Sep-Nov, fr. Dec-Apr or May of following year.
Valley forests, thickets, mountain slopes; 100-600(-2100) m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan [Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam].





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