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山橙Melodinus suaveolens

时间:2018-06-29 11:44来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):山橙 学名( Scientific Name ): Melodinus suaveolens Champ. ex Benth. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 马骝藤、猴子果 异名( Synonym ): Lycimnia suaveolens Hance、Melodinus laet








中文名(Chinese Name):山橙
学名(Scientific Name):Melodinus suaveolens Champ. ex Benth.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):马骝藤、猴子果
异名(Synonym):Lycimnia suaveolens Hance、Melodinus laetus Champion ex Bentham
科属(Family & Genus):夹竹桃科(Apocynaceae)山橙属
形态特征(Description):攀援木质藤本,长达10米,具乳汁,除花序被稀疏的柔毛外,其余无毛;小枝褐色。叶近革质,椭圆形或卵圆形,长5-9.5厘米,宽1.8-4.5厘米,顶端短渐尖,基部渐尖或圆形,叶面深绿色而有光泽;叶柄长约8毫米。聚伞花序顶生和腋生;花蕾顶端圆形或钝;花白色;花萼长约3毫米,被微毛,裂片卵圆形,顶端圆形或钝,边缘膜质;花冠筒长1-1.4厘米,外披微毛,裂片约为花冠筒的1/2,或与之等长,基部稍狭,上部向一边扩大而成镰刀状或成斧形,具双齿;副花冠钟状或筒状,顶端成5裂片,伸出花冠喉外;雄蕊着生在花冠筒中部。浆果球形,顶端具钝头,直径5-8厘米,成熟时橙黄色或橙红色;种子多数,犬齿状或两侧扁平,长约8毫米,干时棕褐色。花期5-11月,果期8月-翌年1月。
分布(Distribution):产于广东、广西等省区。常生于丘陵、山谷,攀援树木或石壁上。模式标本采自广东南部岛屿。
用途(Use):果实可药用,有治疝气、腹痛、小儿疳积,消化不良、睾丸炎等。藤皮纤维可编制麻绳、麻袋。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 148 
Melodinus suaveolens (Hance) Champion ex Bentham, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew. Gard. Misc. 4: 333. 1852.
山橙 shan chen | Apocynaceae  | Melodinus
Lycimnia suaveolens Hance in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 31. 1852; Melodinus laetus Champion ex Bentham.
Lianas to 10 m, glabrous except for inflorescences. Petiole to 1.2 cm; leaf blade elliptic or ovate, 5-10 X 1.8-5 cm, leathery, base attenuate to rounded, apex short acuminate. Cymes terminal and axillary. Flower buds rounded or obtuse at apex, minutely pubescent outside. Flowers fragrant. Sepals ovate, ca. 3 mm, minutely pubescent outside, apex rounded or obtuse. Corolla white, tube 1-1.4 cm; lobes 0.5-1 as long as tube, suborbicular, falcate, with a distinct notch near apex; corona campanulate or tubular, apex 5-cleft, exserted from throat. Berries globose, 5-8 cm in diam. Fl. May-Nov, fr. Aug-Dec.
Open forests, humid brushwood; 100-800 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [Vietnam]
A fine, strong bast fiber, obtained from the inner bark, is used in making ropes and sacks. The fruit is used to treat abdominal pain, infantile malnutrition due to intestinal parasites, indigestion, and hernia.
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