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尖山橙Melodinus fusiformis

时间:2018-06-29 11:43来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):尖山橙 学名( Scientific Name ): Melodinus fusiformis Champ. ex Benth. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 竹藤、鸡腿果 异名( Synonym ): Melodinus seguinii H. Lv. Melodinus esqui






中文名(Chinese Name):尖山橙
学名(Scientific Name):Melodinus fusiformis Champ. ex Benth.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):竹藤、鸡腿果
异名(Synonym):Melodinus seguinii H. Lév.  Melodinus esquirolii H. Lév.  Melodinus flavus H. Lév.  Melodinus wrightioides Hand.-Mazz.  Melodinus edulis H. Lév.  Melodinus brachyphyllus Merr.  Melodinus cambodiensis Pierre  Melodinus erianthus Pit.  Melodinus fulvus H.Lév.  Melodinus lanceolatus Merr.  
科属(Family & Genus):夹竹桃科(Apocynaceae)山橙属
形态特征(Description):粗壮木质藤本,具乳汁;茎皮灰褐色;幼枝、嫩叶、叶柄、花序被短柔毛,老渐无毛;节间长2.5-11厘米。叶近革质,椭圆形或长椭圆形,稀椭圆状披针形,长4.5-12厘米,宽1-5.3厘米,端部渐尖,基部楔形至圆形;中脉在叶面扁平,在叶背略为凸起, 侧脉约15对,向上斜升到叶缘网结;叶柄长4-6毫米。聚伞花序生于侧枝的顶端,着花6-12朵,长3-5厘米,比叶为短;花序梗、花梗、苞片、小苞片、花萼和花冠均疏被短柔毛;花梗长0.5-1厘米;花萼裂片卵圆形,边缘薄膜质,端部急尖,长4-5毫米;花冠白色,花冠裂片长卵圆形或倒披针形,偏斜不正;副花冠呈鳞片状在花喉中稍为伸出,鳞片顶端2-3裂;雄蕊着生于花冠筒的近基部。浆果橙红色,椭圆形,顶端短尖,长3.5-5.3厘米,直径2.2-4厘米;种子压扁,近圆形或长圆形,边缘不规则波状,直径0.5厘米。花期4-9月,果期6月-翌年3月。
分布(Distribution):产于广东、广西和贵州等省区。生于海拔300-1400米山地疏林中或山坡路旁、山谷水沟旁。
用途(Use):全株供药用,民间称可活血、祛风、补肺、通乳和治风湿性心脏病等。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 150
Melodinus fusiformis Champion ex Bentham, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew. Gard. Misc. 4: 332. 1852.
尖山橙 jian shan chen | Apocynaceae  | Melodinus
Melodinus edulis H. Léveillé; M. esquirolii H. Léveillé; M. flavus H. Léveillé; M. seguinii H. Léveillé; M. wrightioides Handel-Mazzetti.
Lianas stout, to 10 m, juvenile parts pubescent, later glabrescent. Bark gray-brown. Petiole 4-6 mm; leaf blade elliptic or oblong, rarely narrowly elliptic, 4.5-12 X 1-5.3 cm, somewhat leathery, base cuneate or rounded, apex acuminate; lateral veins ca. 15 pairs, obliquely spreading and reticulate toward margin. Cymes terminal, 3-5 cm, 6-12-flowered. Pedicel 5-10 mm. Sepals ovate, 4-5 mm, acute. Corolla white, tube 1.2-2 cm; lobes obliquely narrow ovate or obovate, (0.8-)1.1-2 cm X 3.5-9 mm; corona scales 5, indistinct, exserted, villous, apex 2- or 3-cleft. Stamens inserted near base of corolla tube. Berries fusiform, 3.5-5.3 X 2.2-4 cm. Fl. Apr-Sep, fr. Jun-Dec.
* Sparse montane woods, valleys; 300-1500 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou
The plant is used for the treatment of rheumatism and injury. The fruit is poisonous.
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