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墨鳞Melanolepis multiglandulosa

时间:2013-11-11 11:53来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 墨鳞 学名( Scientific Name ): Melanolepis multiglandulosa (Reinw. ex Bl.) Reichb. f. et Zoll. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Croton multiglandulosus Reinw
中文名(Chinese Name):墨鳞
学名(Scientific Name):Melanolepis multiglandulosa (Reinw. ex Bl.) Reichb. f. et Zoll.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Croton multiglandulosus Reinw. ex Blume  Mallotus multiglandulosus (Reinw. ex Blume) Hurus.  Rottlera multiglandulosa (Reinw. ex Blume) Blume  Mallotus moluccanus Pax et Hoffm.  Melanolepis moluccana Pax & K.Hoffm.  Melanolepis calcosa Miq.  Melanolepis angulata Miq.  Mallotus hollrungianus K.Schum.  Mallotus hellwigianus K.Schum.  Mallotus calcosus (Miq.) Müll.Arg.  Mallotus angulatus (Miq.) Müll.Arg.  Rottlera calcosa (Miq.) Scheff.  Adelia monoica Blanco  Rottlera angulata (Miq.) Scheff.  Melanolepis multiglandulosa var. pendula (Merr.) Merr.  Melanolepis moluccana var. pendula (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm.  Mallotus moluccanus var. pendulus Merr.  Mallotus moluccanus var. glabratus Müll.Arg.
科属Family & Genus):大戟科Euphorbiaceae墨鳞属Melanolepis
形态特征Description):小乔木;小枝被丛卷状星状绒毛。叶大,薄纸质,卵圆形或卵状三角形,长和宽8-35厘米,常3裂,顶端急尖,基部阔心形或近截平,边缘具粗齿,上面沿叶脉被毛,下面被星状丛卷绒毛,有时近无毛,近叶柄处密生疣状腺体;掌状脉5-7条;叶柄长5-15厘米,被疏毛。总状花序或下部有分枝呈圆锥状,单性的,长5-40厘米,各部均密被星状绒毛;苞片钻形,长1-3毫米;雄花2-4朵簇生于苞腋,花梗长5-10毫米;花萼裂片卵形,长4-6毫米,外面密被星状毛;雌花单朵生于苞腋,花梗长约3毫米;花萼裂片卵状披针形,长2-3毫米,常不等大,两面均被星状毛;花柱长约1毫米,密生乳头状突起和星状毛;花盘环状,具毛。蒴果通常双球形,长6-7毫米,直径8-10毫米。种子近球形,直径约4毫米。花期4-5月,果期6-8月
分布(Distribution):产于台湾。生于100-400米山地山谷、河边密林或疏林中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 11 Page 240   
Melanolepis multiglandulosa (Reinwardt ex Blume) H. G. Reichenbach & Zollinger, Acta Soc. Regiae Sci. Indo-Neêrl. 1(4): 22. 1856.
墨鳞 mo lin| Euphorbiaceae  | Melanolepis
Croton multiglandulosus Reinwardt ex Blume, Catalogus, 105. 1823; Mallotus multiglandulosus (Reinwardt ex Blume) Hurusawa.
Trees, 5-10 m tall. Branchlets loosely floccose-stellate-tomentose when young. Petiole 5-15 cm; leaf blade ovate- orbicular or ovate-triangular, 10-35 × 8-35 cm, membranous, usually acutely 3-lobed, base cordate to truncate, mar gin repand-dentate, apex acute. Inflorescences branched or unbranched, 5-40 cm, tomentose; bracts subulate, 1-3 mm. Male flowers 2-4 per bract; pedicel 5-10 mm; calyx 4-6 mm; stamens 150-250. Female flowers: pedicel ca. 3 mm; calyx ca. 2 mm; ovary 2(or 3)-locular; styles 2(or 3), ca. 2 mm. Capsule often 2-lobed, 8-10 mm wide. Seeds subglobose, ca. 4 mm, aril purplish. Fl. and fr. Apr-Aug.
Mountain valleys, riverine forests; 100-400 m. Taiwan [Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand; Pacific islands].
 


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