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假苹婆Sterculia lanceolata

时间:2013-11-09 19:54来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 假苹婆 学名 ( Scientific Name ): Sterculia lanceolata Cav. 英文名 ( English Common Name ): 别名 ( Chinese Common Name ): 鸡冠木 异名 ( Synonym ): Helicteres undulata Lour. Sterculia balansae DC. 科属
中文名Chinese Name):假苹婆
学名Scientific Name):Sterculia lanceolata Cav.
英文名English Common Name):
别名Chinese Common Name):鸡冠木
异名Synonym):Helicteres undulata Lour.  Sterculia balansae DC. 
科属Family & Genus):梧桐科(Sterculiaceae)苹婆属
形态特征Description):乔木,小枝幼时被毛。叶椭圆形、披针形或椭圆状披针形,长9-20厘米,宽3.5-8厘米,顶端急尖,基部钝形或近圆形,上面无毛,下面几无毛,侧脉每边7-9条,弯拱,在近叶缘不明显连结;叶柄长2.5-3.5厘米。圆锥花序腋生,长4-10厘米,密集且多分枝;花淡红色,萼片5枚,仅于基部连合,向外开展如星状,矩圆状披针形或矩圆状椭圆形,顶端钝或略有小短尖突,长4-6毫米,外面被短柔毛,边缘有缘毛;雄花的雌雄蕊柄长2-3毫米,弯曲,花药约10个;雌花的子房圆球形,被毛,花柱弯曲,柱头不明显5裂。蓇葖果鲜红色,长卵形或长椭圆形,长5-7厘米,宽2-2.5厘米,顶端有喙,基部渐狭,密被短柔毛;种子黑褐色,椭圆状卵形,直径约1厘米。每果有种子2-4个。花期4-6月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西、云南、贵州和四川,在华南山野间很常见,喜生于山谷溪旁。缅甸、泰国、越南、老挝也有分布。
用途(Use):本种的茎皮纤维可作麻袋的原料,也可造纸;种子可食用,也可榨油。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 305, 309, 310
Sterculia lanceolata Cavanilles, Diss. 5: 287. 1788.
假苹婆 jia ping po| Sterculiaceae  | Sterculia
?Helicteres undulata Loureiro; Sterculia balansae Aug. Candolle.
Trees. Branchlets at first pilose. Petiole 2.5-3.5 cm; leaf blade elliptic, lanceolate, or elliptic-lanceolate, 9-20 × 3.5-8 cm, abaxially nearly glabrous, adaxially glabrous, lateral veins 7-9 on each side of midrib, curved upward, connected near margin, base obtuse or nearly rounded, apex acute. Inflorescence paniculate, 4-10 cm, densely many-branched. Calyx reddish, divided almost to base, pubescent abaxially, lobes oblong-lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, 4-6 mm, stellately spreading, margins ciliate, apex obtuse or minutely mucronate. Male flowers: androgynophore 2-3 mm, curved. Anthers ca. 10. Female flowers: ovary globose, hairy. Style curved; stigma minutely 5-lobed. Follicle red when fresh, narrowly ovoid or ellipsoid, 5-7 × 2-2.5 cm, 2-4-seeded, densely puberulent, base attenuate, apex beaked. Seeds black-brown, ellipsoid-ovoid, ca. 1 cm. Fl. Apr-Jun.
Usually near streams. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S Sichuan, Yunnan [Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].
This species is the most widely distributed member of the genus in the Flora area. The bark fiber is used for making bags and paper.
 






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