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稠李 Padus avium

时间:2013-11-07 11:48来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 稠李 学名( Scientific Name ): Padus avium Mill. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 欧洲稠李 异名( Synonym ): Padus racemosa (Lam.) Gilib. Padus vulgaris Borkh. Prunus racemosa
中文名(Chinese Name):稠李
学名(Scientific Name):Padus avium Mill.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):欧洲稠李
异名(Synonym):Padus racemosa (Lam.) Gilib.  Padus vulgaris Borkh.  Prunus racemosa Lam.  Prunus padus L.  Padus germanica Borkh.
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)稠李属
形态特征(Description):落叶乔木,高可达15米;树皮粗糙而多斑纹,老枝紫褐色或灰褐色,有浅色皮孔;小枝红褐色或带黄褐色,幼时被短绒毛,以后脱落无毛;冬芽卵圆形,无毛或仅边缘有睫毛。叶片椭圆形、长圆形或长圆倒卵形,长4-10厘米,宽2-4.5厘米,先端尾尖,基部圆形或宽楔形,边缘有不规则锐锯齿,有时混有重锯齿,上面深绿色,下面淡绿色,两面无毛;下面中脉和侧脉均突起;叶柄长1-1.5厘米,幼时被短绒毛,以后脱落近无毛,顶端两侧各具1腺体;托叶膜质,线形,先端渐尖,边有带腺锯齿,早落。总状花序具有多花,长7-10厘米,基部通常有2-3叶,叶片与枝生叶同形,通常较小;花梗长1-1.5(-24)厘米,总花梗和花梗通常无毛;花直径1-1.6厘米;萼筒钟状,比萼片稍长;萼片三角状卵形,先端急尖或圆钝,边有带腺细锯齿;花瓣白色,长圆形,先端波状,基部楔形,有短爪,比雄蕊长近1倍;雄蕊多数,花丝长短不等,排成紧密不规则2轮;雌蕊1,心皮无毛,柱头盘状,花柱比长雄蕊短近1倍。核果卵球形,顶端有尖头,直径8-10毫米,红褐色至黑色,光滑,果梗无毛;萼片脱落;核有褶皱。花期4-5月,果期5-10月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、内蒙古、河北、山西、河南、山东等地,生海拔880-2500米于山坡、山谷或灌丛中。朝鲜、日本、俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 423     
Padus avium Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Padus no. 1,. 1778.
稠李 chou li| Rosaceae  | Padus
Trees to 15 m tall. Branches purple to brownish gray, with pale lenticels; branchlets reddish brown. Winter buds ovoid, glabrous or with ciliate scale margins. Stipules linear, margin glandular serrate, apex acuminate. Petiole 1–1.5 cm, apically with 2 nectaries; leaf blade elliptic, oblong, or oblong-obovate, 4–10 × 2–4.5 cm, abaxially pale green, adaxially dark green, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin irregularly and acutely serrate or sometimes biserrate, apex caudate. Racemes 7–10 cm, 7-or 8-flowered, basally with 1 or 2 leaves. Flowers 1–1.6 cm in diam. Pedicel 1–1.5(–2.4) cm. Hypanthium campanulate, outside glabrous. Sepals triangular-ovate, soon caducous, outside glabrous, margin glandular, apex acute to obtuse. Petals white, oblong, base shortly clawed. Stamens many. Ovary glabrous. Style 1/2 as long as stamens; stigma disc-shaped. Drupe reddish brown to black, ovoid-globose, 8–10 mm in diam., smooth. Fl. Apr–Jun, fr. May–Oct.
Forests, forest margins, thickets, slopes, valleys, stream sides; 800--2700 m. Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia].
 






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