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云南樱花 Cerasus cerasoides

时间:2018-06-28 12:45来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 云南樱花 学名( Scientific Name ): Cerasus cerasoides (D. Don) Sok. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 高盆樱桃、云南欧李 异名( Synonym ): Cerasus cerasoides var. rubea (C. Ing
中文名(Chinese Name):云南樱花
学名(Scientific Name):Cerasus cerasoides (D. Don) Sok.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):高盆樱桃、云南欧李
异名(Synonym):Cerasus cerasoides var. rubea (C. Ingram) Yü et Li  Maddenia pedicellata Hook. f.  Prunus cerasoides Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don  Prunus puddum (Roxb. ex Ser.) Brandis  Prunus carmesina H. Hara  Prunus majestica Koehne  Prunus cerasoides var. majestica (Koehne) Ingram  Prunus cerasoides var. rubea Ingram  Cerasus puddum Roxb. ex Ser.
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)樱属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高3-10米;枝幼时绿色,被短柔毛,不久脱落;老枝灰黑色,叶片卵状披针形或长圆披针形,长(4)-8-12厘米,宽(2.2-)3.2-4.8厘米,先端长渐尖,基部圆钝,叶边有细锐重锯齿或单锯齿,齿端有小头状腺,侧脉10-15对,上面深绿色,下面淡绿、无毛,网脉细密,近革质;叶柄长1.2-2厘米,先端有2-4腺;托叶线形,基部羽裂并有腺齿。总苞片大形,先端深裂,花后凋落,长1-1.2厘米;花梗长1-1.5厘米,无毛,花1-3,伞形排列,与叶同时开放;苞片近圆形,边有腺齿,革质,花后宿存或脱落;花梗长1-2厘米,果期长达3厘米,先端肥厚;萼筒钟状,常红色;萼片三角形,先端急尖,长4-55毫米,全缘,常带红色;花瓣卵圆形,先端圆钝或微凹,淡粉色至白色;雄蕊32-34,短于花瓣;花柱与雄蕊等长,无毛,柱头盘状。核果圆卵形,长12-15毫米,直径8-12毫米,熟时紫黑色;核圆卵形,顶端圆钝,边有深沟和孔穴。花期10月至12月。2n=16。
分布(Distribution):产云南、西藏南部,生于海拔1300-2200米沟谷密林中。克什米尔地区、尼泊尔、印度、不丹、缅甸北部也有。
用途(Use):果实可食,云南个别地区作郁李仁代用品。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 418     
Cerasus cerasoides (Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don) S. Y. Sokolov, Trees & Shrubs URSS. 3: 736. 1954.
高盆樱桃 gao peng ying tao| Rosaceae  | Cerasus
Prunus cerasoides Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 239. 1825; Cerasus puddum Roxburgh ex Seringe; C. cerasoides var. rubea (Ingram) T. T. Yü & C. L. Li; Maddenia pedicellata J. D. Hooker; P. carmesina H. Hara; P. cerasoides var. majestica (Koehne) Ingram; P. cerasoides var. rubea Ingram; P. majestica Koehne; P. puddum (Roxburgh ex Seringe) Brandis (1874), not Miquel (1865–1866).
Trees 3–10(–30) m tall. Branches grayish black; branchlets green, pubescent, glabrescent. Stipules linear, basally strongly gland-tipped fimbriate. Petiole 1.2–2 cm, apex with 2–4 nectaries; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, oblong-ovate, or oblong-obovate, (4–)8–12 × (2.2–)3.2–5 cm, subleathery, abaxially pale green and glabrous or villous along veins, adaxially dark green, base rounded, margin acutely biserrulate, biserrate, or serrate and teeth with a minute capitate apical gland, apex acuminate to long acuminate; secondary veins 10–15 on either side of midvein; reticulate veins fine. Inflorescences umbellate, 1–4-flowered; involucral bracts 1–1.2 cm, apically divided, withered after anthesis;. peduncle 1–1.5 cm, glabrous; bracts brownish to greenish brown, suborbicular, papery, persistent or caducous after anthesis, margin glandular serrate. Flowers opening at same time or before leaves. Pedicel 1–2.3 cm, elongated to 3 cm and apically thickened in fruit. Hypanthium red to dark red, campanulate to broadly campanulate. Sepals usually reddish, triangular, 0.4–5.5 cm, erect, margin entire, apex acute to obtuse. Petals white or pink, ovate to obovate, apically entire or emarginate. Stamens 32–34, shorter than petals. Style as long as stamens, glabrous; stigma disciform. Drupe purplish black, ovoid, 1.2–1. 5 × 0.8–1.2 cm; endocarp ovoid, laterally deeply furrowed and pitted, apex obtuse. Fl. Oct–Dec, Feb–Mar.
Forests in ravines; 700--3700 m. S Xizang, NW Yunnan [Bhutan, N India, Kashmir, N Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, N Thailand, N Vietnam].
This species is cultivated for its fruit.
 




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