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钟花樱桃Cerasus campanulata

时间:2018-06-28 12:43来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):钟花樱桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Cerasus campanulata (Maxim.) Y et Li 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 福建山樱花,山樱花、绯樱 异名( Synonym ): Prunus cerasoides var. campa
中文名(Chinese Name):钟花樱桃
学名(Scientific Name):Cerasus campanulata (Maxim.) Yü et Li
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):福建山樱花,山樱花、绯樱
异名(Synonym):Prunus cerasoides var. campanulata (Maxim.) Koidz.  Prunus campanulata Maxim.
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)樱属
形态特征(Description):乔木或灌木,高3-8米,树皮黑褐色。小枝灰褐色或紫褐色,嫩枝绿色,无毛。冬芽 卵形,无毛。叶片卵形、卵状椭圆形或倒卵状椭圆形,薄革质,长4-7厘米,宽2-3.5厘米,先端渐尖,基部圆形,边有急尖锯齿,常稍不整齐,上面绿色,无毛,下面淡绿色,无毛或脉腋有簇毛,侧脉8-12对;叶柄长8-13毫米,无毛,顶端常有腺体2个;托叶早落。伞形花序,有花2-4朵,先叶开放,花直径1.5-2厘米;总苞片长椭圆形,长约5毫米,宽约3毫米,两面伏生长柔毛,总梗短,长2-4毫米;苞片褐色,稀绿褐色,长1.5-2毫米,边有腺齿;花梗长1-1.3厘米,无毛或稀被极短柔毛;萼筒钟状,长约6毫米,宽约3毫米,无毛或被极稀疏柔毛,基部略膨大,萼片长圆形,长约2.5毫米,先端圆钝,全缘;花瓣倒卵状长圆形,粉红色,先端颜色较深,下凹,稀全缘;雄蕊39-41枚;花柱通常比雄蕊长,稀稍短,无毛。核果卵球形,纵长约1厘米,横径5-6毫米,顶端尖;核表面微具棱纹;果梗长1.5-2.5厘米,先端稍膨大并有萼片宿存。花期2-3月,果期4-5月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江、福建、台湾、广东、广西。生于山谷林中及林缘,海拔100-600米。日本、越 南也有分布。
用途(Use):早春着花,颜色鲜艳,在华东、华南可栽培,供观赏用。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 417     
Cerasus campanulata (Maximowicz) A. N. Vassiljeva, Trans. Sukhumi Bot. Gard., Fasc. 10: 119. 1957.
钟花樱桃 zhong hua ying tao| Rosaceae  | Cerasus
Prunus campanulata Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 29: 103. 1884; P. cerasoides Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don var. campanulata (Maximowicz) Koidzumi.
Trees or shrubs, 3–8 m tall. Bark blackish brown. Branchlets grayish brown to purplish brown; young branchlets green, glabrous. Winter buds ovoid, glabrous. Stipules soon caducous. Petiole 0.8–1.3 cm, glabrous, apex with 2 nectaries; leaf blade ovate, ovate-elliptic, or obovate-elliptic, 4–7 × 2–3.5 cm, abaxially pale green and glabrous or with tufts of hairs in vein axils, adaxially green and glabrous, base rounded, margin acutely and usually somewhat irregularly serrate, apex acuminate; secondary veins 8–12 on either side of midvein. Inflorescences umbellate, 2–4-flowered; involucral bracts elliptic, ca. 5 × 3 mm, both surfaces appressed villous; peduncle 2–4 mm; bracts brown, rarely greenish brown, 1.5–2 mm, margin glandular serrate. Flowers 1.5–2 cm in diam., opening before leaves. Pedicel 1–1.3 cm, 1.5–2.5 in fruit and apically slightly swollen, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Hypanthium campanulate, ca. 6 × 3 mm, outside glabrous or very sparsely pilose, base slightly swollen. Sepals oblong, ca. 2.5 mm, persistent in fruit, margin entire, apex obtuse. Petals pink, obovate-oblong, apically darker and emarginate or rarely entire. Stamens 39–41. Style longer or rarely shorter than stamens, glabrous. Drupe red, ovoid, ca. 10 × 5–6 mm; endocarp ± sculptured. Fl. Jan–Mar, fr. Apr–May.
Forests in ravines, forest margins; 100--1300 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan, Vietnam].
 






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