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阔叶蒲桃Syzygium megacarpum

时间:2013-10-23 11:38来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 阔叶蒲桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium megacarpum (Craib) Rathakr. et N. C. Nair 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Syzygium latilimbum Merr. et Perry Eug
中文名(Chinese Name):阔叶蒲桃
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium megacarpum (Craib) Rathakr. et N. C. Nair
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Syzygium latilimbum Merr. et Perry  Eugenia megacarpum Craib  Eugenia latilimba Merr.  Syzygium macrocarpum Bahadur & R.C.Gaur  Jambosa coarctata Blume  Jambosa macrocarpa Sweet  Eugenia megacarpa Craib
科属(Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高20米;嫩枝稍压扁,干后绿色。叶片狭长椭圆形至椭圆形,长14-30厘米,宽6-13厘米,先端渐尖,基部圆形,有时微心形,上面干后绿色,无光泽,下面浅绿色,无明显腺点,侧脉15-22对,平缓斜行,离边缘4-5毫米处互相结合成边脉,靠近边缘1.5毫米处另有1条不明显的边脉,侧脉间相隔1-1.3厘米,有明显网脉;叶柄长5-10毫米。聚伞花序顶生,有花2-6朵,总梗极短;花大,白色,花梗长6-8毫米;萼管长倒锥形,长1.5-2厘米,上部宽1.5厘米,萼齿4,圆形,长6-7毫米,宽8-9毫米;花瓣分离,圆形,长2厘米;雄蕊极多,长2.5-3厘米;花柱长约4厘米。果实卵状球形,长5厘米。花期4月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西、云南的南部及西南部。见于湿润的低地森林。分布于泰国及越南等地。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 338, 342, 345
Syzygium megacarpum (Craib) Rathakrishnan & N. C. Nair, Econ. Taxon. Bot. 4: 287. 1983.
阔叶蒲桃 kuo ye pu tao| Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Eugenia megacarpa Craib, Fl. Siam. 1: 652. 1931; E. latilimba Merrill; Syzygium latilimbum (Merrill) Merrill & L. M. Perry.
Trees, to 20 m tall. Branchlets green when dried, slightly compressed. Petiole 5-10 mm; leaf blade narrowly long elliptic to elliptic, 14-30 × 6-13 cm, leathery, abaxially pale green when dry, adaxially green when dry, both surfaces without conspicuous glands, secondary veins 15-22 on each side of midvein and 1-1.3 cm apart, reticulate veins conspicuous, intramarginal veins 4-5 mm from margin and an additional inconspicuous intramarginal vein ca. 1.5 mm from margin, base rounded to sometimes cordate, apex acuminate. Inflorescences terminal, cymes, 2-6-flowered; peduncle very short. Flowers white, large. Hypanthium long obconic, 1.5-2 × ca. 1.5 cm. Calyx lobes 4, rounded, 6-7 × 8-9 mm. Petals distinct, rounded, ca. 2 cm. Stamens numerous, 2.5-3 cm. Style ca. 4 cm. Fruit ovoid-globose, ca. 5 cm. Fl. Apr-Oct, fr. Jul-Oct.
Moist low forests, riversides; 300-1200 m. Hainan, Guangxi, S and SW Yunnan [Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].




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