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马来蒲桃 Syzygium malaccense

时间:2013-10-23 11:37来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):马来蒲桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium malaccense (Linn.) Merr. et Perry 英文名( English Common Name ): Malaysian apple 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 马六甲蒲桃 异名( Synonym ): Myrtus malaccensis (
中文名(Chinese Name):马来蒲桃
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium malaccense (Linn.) Merr. et Perry 
英文名(English Common Name):Malaysian apple
别名(Chinese Common Name):马六甲蒲桃
异名(Synonym):Myrtus malaccensis (L.) Spreng.  Jambosa macrophylla (Lam.) DC.  Jambosa malaccensis (L.) DC.  Jambosa purpurascens DC.  Caryophyllus malaccensis (L.) Stokes  Eugenia domestica Baill.  Eugenia pseudomalaccensis Linden  Eugenia purpurascens Baill.  Eugenia purpurea Roxb.
科属Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征Description):乔木,高15米;嫩枝粗大,圆形,干后灰褐色。叶片革质,狭椭圆形至椭圆形,长16-24厘米,宽6-8厘米,先端尖锐,基部楔形,上面干后暗绿色,无光泽,下面黄褐色,侧脉11-14对,以45度开角斜行向上,离边缘3-5毫米处相结合成边脉,另在靠近边缘1毫米处有1条不明显的边脉,侧脉间相隔1-1.5厘米,有明显网脉;叶柄长约1厘米。聚伞花序生于无叶的老枝上,花4-9朵簇生,总梗极短;花梗长5-8毫米,粗大,有棱;花红色,长2.5厘米;萼管阔倒锥形,长与宽均约1厘米,萼齿4,近圆形,长5-6毫米,宽7-8毫米,先端圆;花瓣分离,圆形,长1厘米,宽1厘米;雄蕊长1-1.3厘米,完全分离;花柱与雄蕊等长。果实卵圆形或壶形,长约4厘米;种子1个。花期5月。
分布(Distribution):分布于马来西亚、印度、老挝和越南。
用途(Use):东南亚一带广泛栽培供食用。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 337, 340, 346
Syzygium malaccense (Linnaeus) Merrill & L. M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 215. 1938.
马六甲蒲桃 ma liu jia pu tao| Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Eugenia malaccensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 470. 1753; E. macrophylla Lamarck; Jambosa domestica Blume; J. malaccensis (Linnaeus) Candolle.
Trees, to 15 m tall. Branchlets grayish brown when dry, stout, terete. Petiole ca. 1 cm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to elliptic, 16-24 × 6-8 cm, leathery, abaxially yellowish brown when dry, adaxially dark green and not glossy when dry, secondary veins 11-14 on each side of midvein, 1-1.5 cm apart, and at an angle of ca. 45° from midvein, reticulate veins conspicuous, intramarginal veins 3-5 mm from margin and another inconspicuous intramarginal vein ca. 1 mm from margin, base cuneate, apex acute. Inflorescences lateral on older leafless branches, cymes, in 4-9-flowered clusters; peduncle very short. Flowers red, ca. 2.5 cm, stout, ridged. Hypanthium broadly obconic, ca. 1 × 1 cm. Calyx lobes 4, suborbicular, 5-6 × 7-8 mm, apex rounded. Petals rounded, ca. 1 × 1 cm, distinct. Stamens completely distinct, 1-1.3 cm. Style as long as stamens. Fruit ovoid to pot-shaped, ca. 4 cm, 1-seeded. Fl. May or Jan-Feb, fr. Apr-May.
Cultivated but sometimes naturalized in mixed forests in Taiwan and Yunnan [probably native to Malaysia].
This species is commonly cultivated for its fruit in wet-tropical areas around the world and is sometimes naturalized.




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