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黄葛榕Ficus virens

TAG标签: Ficus 桑科 Moraceae 榕属
时间:2013-10-17 16:36来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):黄葛榕 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus virens Aiton 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 大叶榕 异名( Synonym ): Ficus virens var. sublanceolata (Miq.) Corner Ficus glabella Blume
中文名(Chinese Name):黄葛榕
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus virens Aiton
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):大叶榕
异名(Synonym):Ficus virens var. sublanceolata (Miq.) Corner  Ficus glabella Blume  Ficus caulobotrya var. fraseri (Miq.) Miq.  Ficus saxophila var. sublanceolata Miq.  Urostigma fraseri Miq.  Ficus wightiana Wall. ex Benth.  Urostigma wightianum Miq.  Urostigma infectorium Miq.  Ficus aegeirophylla (Miq.) Miq.  Ficus ampla Kunth & C.D.Bouché  Ficus carolinensis Warb.  Ficus cunninghamii (Miq.) Miq.  Ficus glabella f. grandifolia (Miq.) Miq.  Ficus glabella var. nesophila (Miq.) K.Schum.  Ficus lambertiana (Miq.) Miq.  Ficus infectoria var. aegeirophylla (Miq.) Miq.  Ficus infectoria var. cunninghamii (Miq.) Domin  Ficus infectoria var. forbesii King  Ficus infectoria var. fraseri (Miq.) Domin  Ficus infectoria var. lambertiana (Miq.) King  Ficus infectoria var. psychotriifolium (Miq.) Domin  Ficus infectoria var. wightiana (Wall. ex Miq.) King  Ficus infrafoliacea Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.  Ficus lacor var. cunninghamii (Miq.) M.F.Barrett  Ficus lacor var. lambertiana (Miq.) M.F.Barrett  Ficus monticola Miq.  Ficus nesophila (Miq.) F.Muell.  Ficus nitentifolia S.Moore  Ficus pilhasi Sm.  Ficus prolixa var. carolinensis (Warb.) Fosberg  Ficus psychotriifolia (Miq.) Miq.  Ficus terminalioides Griff.  Ficus terminalis B.Heyne ex Roth  Ficus virens var. glabella (Blume) Corner  Ficus virens var. wightiana (Miq.) Chithra  Pogonotrophe wightiana Miq.  Urostigma cunninghamii Miq.  Urostigma canaliculatum Miq.  Urostigma glabellum Miq.  Urostigma lambertiana Miq.  Urostigma moritzianum Miq.  Urostigma nesophilum Miq.  Urostigma psychotriifolium Miq. 
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)榕属
形态特征(Description):落叶或半落叶乔木,有板根或支柱根,幼时附生。叶薄革质或皮纸质,叶近披针形,长可达20厘米,先端渐尖,基部钝圆或楔形至浅心形,全缘,干后表面无光泽,基生叶脉短,侧脉7-10对,背面突起,网脉稍明显;叶柄长2-5厘米;托叶披针状卵形,先端急尖,长可达10厘米。榕果单生或成对腋生或簇生于已落叶枝叶腋,球形,直径7-12毫米,成熟时紫红色,基生苞片3,细小;榕果无总梗。雄花、瘿花、雌花生于同一榕果内;雄花,无柄,少数,生榕果内壁近口部,花被片4-5,披针形,雄蕊1枚,花药广卵形,花丝短;瘿花具柄,花被片3-4,花柱侧生,短于子房;雌花与瘿花相似,花柱长于子房。瘦果表面有皱纹。花期5-8月。
分布(Distribution):产云南、广东、海南、广西、福建、台湾、浙江,东南亚至巴布亚新几内亚、所罗门群岛和澳大利亚均有分布。
用途(Use):常用作行道树,为良好的荫蔽树种;木材纹理细致,美观,可供雕刻。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 40
Ficus virens Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 451. 1789.
黄葛树 huang ge shu| Moraceae  | Ficus
Ficus caulobotrya (Miquel) Miquel var. fraseri (Miquel) Miquel; F. glabella Blume; F. saxophila Blume var. sublanceolata Miquel; F. virens var. sublanceolata (Miquel) Corner; F. wightiana Wallich ex Bentham; Urostigma fraseri Miquel; U. infectorium Miquel; U. wightianum Miquel.
Trees, epiphytic when young, with buttress or prop roots, deciduous or semideciduous. Stipules lanceolate-ovate, to 1 cm, apex acute. Petiole 2-5 cm; leaf blade obovate, narrowly lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate, or elliptic-ovate, 10-20 × 4-7 cm, thinly leathery to thickly papery, not shiny when dry, base bluntly rounded, cuneate, or cordate, margin entire, apex acuminate to shortly acuminate; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins (5-)7-10(-11) on each side of midvein, and abaxially prominent, reticulate veins ± conspicuous. Figs axillary on leafy branchlets, paired or solitary or in clusters on leafless older branchlets, purple red when mature, globose, 7-12 mm in diam., with conspicuous interfloral bristles, sessile or pedunculate; involucral bracts small. Male, gall, and female flowers within same fig. Male flowers: few, near apical pore, sessile; calyx lobes 4 or 5, lanceolate; stamen 1; filament short; anther broadly ovoid. Gall flowers: pedicellate; calyx lobes 3 or 4; style lateral, shorter than ovary. Female flowers: similar to gall flowers; style longer than ovary. Achenes wrinkled on surface. Fl. Apr-Aug.
Common tree by streamsides in subtropical China; 300-2700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, SW Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, S Hunan, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, SE Xizang, Yunnan, S Zhejiang [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; N Australia].





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