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香木莲Manglietia aromatica

时间:2013-10-15 13:17来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 香木莲 学名 ( Scientific Name ): Manglietia aromatica Dandy 英文名 ( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Paramanglietia aromatica (Dandy) Hu et Cheng Magnolia aromati
中文名Chinese Name):香木莲
学名Scientific Name):Manglietia aromatica Dandy
英文名English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Paramanglietia aromatica (Dandy) Hu et Cheng  Magnolia aromatica (Dandy) C. S. Kumar
科属(Family & Genus):木兰科Magnoliaceae木莲属Manglietia
形态特征(Description):乔木,高达35米,胸径1.2米,树皮灰色,光滑;新枝淡绿色,除芽被白色平伏毛外全株无毛,各部揉碎有芳香;顶芽椭圆柱形,长约3厘米,直径约 1.2厘米。叶薄革质,倒披针状长圆形,倒披针形,长15-19厘米,宽6-7厘米,先端短渐尖或渐尖,1/3以下渐狭至基部稍下延,侧脉每边12-16条,网脉稀疏,干时两面网脉明显凸起;叶柄长1.5-2.5厘米,托叶痕长为叶柄的1/4-1/3。花梗粗壮,果时长1-1.5厘米,直径0.6-0.8厘米,苞片脱落痕1,距花下约5-7毫米;花被片白色,11-12片,4轮排列,每轮3片,外轮3片,近革质,倒卵状长圆形,长7-11厘米,宽3.5-5厘米,内数轮厚肉质,倒卵状匙形,基部成爪,长9-11.5厘米,宽4-5.5厘米;雄蕊约100枚,长1.5-1.8厘米,花药长0.7-1厘米,药隔伸出长2毫米的尖头;雌蕊群卵球形,长1.8-2.4厘米,心皮无毛。聚合果鲜红色,近球形或卵状球形,直径7-8厘米,成熟蓇葖沿腹缝及背缝开裂。花期5-6月,果期9-10月。
分布(Distribution):产于云南东南部、广西西南部。生于海拔900-1 600米的山地、丘陵常绿阔叶林中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 7 Page 50, 53, 54
Manglietia aromatica Dandy, J. Bot. 69: 231. 1931.
香木莲 xiang mu lian| Magnoliaceae  | Manglietia
Magnolia aromatica (Dandy) V. S. Kumar; Paramanglietia aromatica (Dandy) Hu & W. C. Cheng.
Trees, to 35 m tall, to 1.2 m d.b.h., glabrous except vegetative buds white appressed pubescent, aromatic. Bark gray and smooth. Young twigs pale green; terminal buds ellipsoid, ca. 3 × 1.2 cm. Stipular scar 1/4-1/3 as long as petiole. Petiole 1.5-2.5 cm; leaf blade narrowly obovate to narrowly elliptic, 15-19 × 6-7 cm, thinly leathery, lower ca. 1/3 gradually tapered, secondary veins 12-16 on each side of midvein, reticulate veins sparse and conspicuously prominent on both surfaces when dry, base slightly decurrent, apex shortly acuminate to acuminate. Peduncle strong, 10-15 × 6-8 mm in fruit; bract scar 1, 5-7 mm basal to tepals. Tepals 11 or 12, in 4 whorls of 3, white; outer 3 tepals obovate-oblong, 7-11 × 3.5-5 cm, nearly leathery; tepals of inner whorls obovate-spoon-shaped, 9-11.5 × 4-5.5 cm, fleshy, base clawed. Stamens ca. 100, 1.5-1.8 cm. Carpels glabrous. Fruit red when fresh, subglobose to ovoid, 7-8 cm in diam.; mature carpels dehiscing along ventral and then dorsal sutures. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 38.
Evergreen broad-leaved forests; 900-1600 m. SW Guangxi, Guizhou, SE Yunnan [Vietnam].
 




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