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梭果玉蕊Barringtonia fusicarpa

时间:2013-09-26 12:21来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):梭果玉蕊 学名( Scientific Name ): Barringtonia fusicarpa Hu 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Barringtonia yunnanensis Hu 科属( Family Genus ): 玉蕊科(Lec
中文名(Chinese Name):梭果玉蕊
学名(Scientific Name):Barringtonia fusicarpa Hu
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Barringtonia yunnanensis Hu
科属(Family & Genus):玉蕊科(Lecythidaceae)玉蕊属
形态特征(Description):常绿大乔木,高15-30米,胸高直径可达1米;小枝粗壮,圆柱形,有条纹,灰色,几无毛。叶丛生小枝近顶部,坚纸质,倒卵状椭圆形、椭圆形至狭椭圆形,通常长15-30厘米,稀达36厘米,宽常5-12厘米或过之,顶端短尖至短渐尖,有时圆形或凹缺,基部楔形,多少下延,全缘或有不明显的小齿,上面淡绿色,干燥后常有白霜,两面无毛,侧脉14-15对,弯拱上升,近边缘分叉而互相连接,网脉在两面稍凸起;叶柄扁平,长2-4.5厘米。穗状花序顶生或在老枝上侧生,长达100厘米或更长,下垂;花无梗,萼筒陀螺状,长约2.5-3毫米,裂片在芽时完全合生,花开放时始撕裂为2-4裂片,裂片椭圆形至近圆形,长1-1.3厘米,外面被疏毛;花瓣4,椭圆形至近圆形,长1.5-2厘米,白色或带粉红色;雄蕊管长约2.5毫米,花丝长约2.5厘米,粉红色;花柱丝状,长3.5厘米。果实梭形,两端收缩,长达11 厘米,直径达4厘米,褐色,无棱角;果皮厚7-8毫米,内果皮色较淡,多纤维;种子1颗。花期几全年。
分布(Distribution):我国特有植物,产云南南部和东南部;生于海拔120-760米密林中的潮湿地方。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC 13 Page 293, 294
Barringtonia fusicarpa H. H. Hu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8: 200. 1963.
梭果玉蕊 suo guo yu rui| Lecythidaceae  | Barringtonia
Barringtonia yunnanensis H. H. Hu.
Trees 15-30 m tall, to 1 m d.b.h., glabrous. Branches stout, ribbed; bark gray. Leaves in fascicles at branchlet tips, petiolate; petiole 2-4.5 cm, canaliculate; leaf blade adaxially glaucous when dried, obovate-oblong to oblong, 15-30 × 5-12 cm, papery, base cuneate, margin entire or inconspicuously dentate, apex acuminate; lateral veins in ca. 14 pairs. Spikes terminal or axillary on old branches, long, to 100 cm, pendulous. Flowers sessile. Calyx with tube 2.5-3 mm, becoming 2-4-lobed at anthesis; lobes elliptic to subovate, 0.7-1.3 cm, abaxially pubescent. Petals 4, white or pink-white, elliptic to subovate, 1.5-2 cm. Staminal tube ca. 2.5 mm; filaments pink-red, ca. 2.5 cm. Style filiform, ca. 3.5 cm. Fruit brown, fusiform, to 11 × 4 cm; exocarp pulverulent. Fl. and fr. almost year-round.
● Dense humid forests; 100-800 m. S and SE Yunnan.






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