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滨玉蕊Barringtonia asiatica

时间:2013-09-26 12:20来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):滨玉蕊 学名( Scientific Name ): Barringtonia asiatica (Linn.) Kurz 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 棋盘脚树 异名( Synonym ): Mammea asiatica L. Agasta indica Miers Barringto
中文名(Chinese Name):滨玉蕊
学名(Scientific Name):Barringtonia asiatica (Linn.) Kurz
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):棋盘脚树
异名(Synonym):Mammea asiatica L.  Agasta indica Miers  Barringtonia levequii Jard., nom. nud.  Huttum speciosum Britten  Butonica speciosa Lam.  Barringtonia senequei Jard.  Barringtonia butonica J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.  Michelia asiatica Kuntze  Agasta splendida Miers  Agasta asiatica Miers  Barringtonia littorea Oken  Mitraria commersonia J.F.Gmel.
科属(Family & Genus):玉蕊科(Lecythidaceae)玉蕊属
形态特征(Description):常绿乔木,高7-20米;小枝粗壮,有大的叶痕。叶丛生枝顶,有短柄,近革质,倒卵形或倒卵状矩圆形,甚大,长达40厘米,宽达20厘米,顶端钝形或圆形,微凹头而有一小凸尖,基部通常钝形,有时微心形,全缘,两面无毛,侧脉常10-15对,两面凸起,边脉可见,网脉明显。总状花序直立,顶生,稀侧生,长2-15厘米;苞片卵形,无柄,长8-15毫米;小苞片三角形,长1.5-5毫米;花梗长4-6厘米;花芽直径2-4厘米;萼撕裂为2个不等大的裂片,长约3-4厘米,纸质;花瓣4,椭圆形或椭圆状倒披针形,长5.5-8.5厘米;雄蕊6轮,内轮退化,花丝长约8-12厘米,退化雄蕊长2-3.5厘米;子房近球形或有4棱,4室,隔膜不完全,胚珠每室4-5颗。果实卵形或近圆锥形,长8.5-11厘米,直径8.5-10厘米,常有4棱,外果皮薄,外面有腺点,中果皮厚2-2.5厘米,海绵质,内果皮富含纵向交织的纤维;种子矩圆形,长4-5厘米,向上渐狭,凹头。
分布(Distribution):我国产台湾。分布于亚洲、东非和大洋洲各热带、亚热带地区。
用途(Use):据文献记载本种的果实、种子和树皮捣烂均可毒鱼。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 293
Barringtonia asiatica (Linnaeus) Kurz, Prelim. Rep. Forest Veg. Pegu. App. A, lxv. 1875.
滨玉蕊 bin yu rui | Lecythidaceae  | Barringtonia
Mammea asiatica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 512. 1753; Agasta indica Miers; Barringtonia speciosa J. R. Forster & G. Forster.
Trees 7-20 m tall. Branches stout; bark fissured. Leaves sessile, obovate to obovate-oblong, 20-40 × 10-20 cm, leathery, shiny, base cuneate, margin entire, apex obtuse or broadly rounded. Racemes mostly terminal, erect, 5-15 cm, 5-10(-20)-flowered; bracts ovate, 8-20 mm; bracteoles triangular, 1.5-5 mm. Pedicel 5-9 cm. Flower buds 2-4 cm in diam. Calyx undivided, rupturing at anthesis into 2 or 3 unequal, rounded or acuminate, persistent lobes 3-4 × 2-3 cm and a tube 3-5 mm. Petals 4, white, ovate or elliptic, 5-6 cm. Stamens in 6 whorls; tube 1.5-6 mm; filaments and style white, red-tipped; outer filaments 7-9 cm. Ovary 4-loculed, 5-9 mm; ovules 4 or 5 per locule; style 11-13 cm. Fruit dispersed by floating, broadly pyramidal, smooth, 9-11 cm, apex tapering and crowned by calyx; pericarp spongy, fibrous. Seed oblong, 4-5 cm. Fl. and fr. almost year-round. 2n = 26.
Sandy seashores. S Taiwan (including Lan Yu) [Japan, Philippines; Old World tropics].





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