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猴欢喜Sloanea sinensis

时间:2013-09-09 08:36来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 猴欢喜 学名( Scientific Name ): Sloanea sinensis (Hance) Hu 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 猴板栗、破木 异名( Synonym ): Sloanea kweichowensis Hu Sloanea oligophlebia Merr
中文名(Chinese Name):猴欢喜
学名(Scientific Name):Sloanea sinensis (Hance) Hu
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):猴板栗、破木 
异名(Synonym):Sloanea kweichowensis Hu  Sloanea oligophlebia Merr. et Chun ex Gagnep.  Sloanea chinensis Hu  Sloanea parvifolia Chun et F. C. How  Sloanea hongkongensis Hemsl.
科属(Family & Genus):杜英科(Elaeocarpaceae)猴欢喜属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高20米;嫩枝无毛。叶薄革质,形状及大小多变,通常为长圆形或狭窄倒卵形,长6-9厘米,最长达12厘米,宽3-5厘米,先端短急尖,基部楔形,或收窄而略圆,有时为圆形,亦有为披针形的,宽不过2-3厘米,通常全缘,有时上半部有数个疏锯齿,上面干后暗晦无光泽,下面秃净无毛,侧脉5-7对;叶柄长1-4厘米,无毛。花多朵簇生于枝顶叶腋;花柄长3-6厘米,被灰色毛;萼片4片,阔卵形,长6-8毫米,两侧被柔毛;花瓣4片,长7-9毫米,白色,外侧有微毛,先端撕裂,有齿刻;雄蕊与花瓣等长,花药长为花丝的3倍;子房被毛,卵形,长4-5毫米,花柱连合,长4-6毫米,下半部有微毛。蒴果的大小不一,宽2-5厘米,3-7爿裂开;果爿长短不一,长2-3.5厘米,厚3-5毫米;针刺长1-1.5厘米;内果皮紫红色;种子长1-1.3厘米,黑色,有光泽,假种皮长,毫米,黄色。花期9-11月,果期翌年6-7月成熟。
分布(Distribution):产广东、海南、广西、贵州、湖南、江西、福建、台湾和浙江。生长于海拔700-1000米的常绿林里。越南也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 12 Page 236, 238
Sloanea sinensis (Hance) Hemsley, Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 27: sub t. 2628. 1900.
猴欢喜 hou huan xi | Elaeocarpaceae  | Sloanea
Echinocarpus sinensis Hance, J. Bot. 22: 108. 1884; Castanopsis cavaleriei H. Léveillé; Sloanea chinensis Hu (1925), not Sloanea sinensis (Hance) Hemsley (1900); S. hongkongensis Hemsley; S. kweichowensis Hu; S. oligophlebia Chun & K. C. Ting; S. parvifolia Chun & F. C. How.
Trees to 20 m tall. Branchlets glabrous. Petiole 1-4 cm, glabrous; leaf blade variable, usually oblong or narrowly obovate, rarely orbicular or lanceolate, 6-9(-12) × 3-5 cm, thinly leathery, glabrous, lateral veins 5-7 per side, base cuneate, or narrowed and obtuse-rounded, margin usually entire, rarely sparsely dentate along upper margin, apex acute. Flowers fascicled. Pedicel 3-6 cm, gray pubescent. Sepals 4, broadly ovate, 6-8 × 5-6 mm, both surfaces puberulent. Petals 4, white, 7-9 mm, both surfaces puberulent, 6- or 7-incised at apices. Stamens ca. 82, ca. as long as petals; anthers ca. 3 × as long as filaments, awned at apices. Ovary ovoid, 6-loculed, 4-5 mm, pubescent; style simple, 4-6 mm, puberulent in lower 1/2. Capsule variable in size, 2-5 cm in diam., 3-7-valved; valves variable in size, 2-3.5 cm, 3-5 mm thick; prickles 1-1.5 cm; endocarp purple-red. Seeds black, shiny, 1-1.3 cm; aril yellow, ca. 5 mm. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. May-Nov, most frequently in Aug-Oct.
Evergreen forests, often in valleys or near streams; 700-1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang [Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].







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