织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 乔木 >

三角枫Acer buergerianum

时间:2013-07-15 16:38来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
三角枫,Acer buergerianum,三角槭






中文名(Chinese Name):三角枫
学名(Scientific Name):Acer buergerianum Miq.
英文名(English Common Name):trident maple
别名(Chinese Common Name):三角槭
异名(Synonym):Acer buergerianum var. ningpoense (Hance) Rehd.;Acer lingii Fang;Acer trifidum var. ningpoense Hance;Acer trifidum f. buergerianum (Miq.) Schwer.;Acer trialatum L. L. Deng, K. Y. Wei et G. S. Fan;Acer paxii var. ningpoense (Hance) Pax;Acer ningpoense (Hance) W. P. Fang;Acer trinerve Siesmayr;Acer trifidum f. ningpoense (Hance) Schwer.;Acer buergerianum var. trinerve (Siesm.) Rehder;Acer subtrilobum (K.Koch) Koidz.;Acer trifidum f. elobatum Kuntze ex Schwer.
科属(Family & Genus):槭树科(Aceraceae)槭树属
形态特征(Description):落叶乔木,高5-10米,稀达20米。树皮褐色或深褐色,粗糙。小枝细瘦;当年生枝紫色或紫绿色,近于无毛;多年生枝淡灰色或灰褐色,稀被蜡粉。冬芽小,褐色,长卵圆形,鳞片内侧被长柔毛。叶纸质,基部近于圆形或楔形,外貌椭圆形或倒卵形,长6-10厘米,通常浅3裂,裂片向前延伸,稀全缘,中央裂片三角卵形,急尖、锐尖或短渐尖;侧裂片短钝尖或甚小,以至于不发育,裂片边缘通常全缘,稀具少数锯齿;裂片间的凹缺钝尖;上面深绿色,下面黄绿色或淡绿色,被白粉,略被毛,在叶脉上较密;初生脉3条,稀基部叶脉也发育良好,致成5条,在上面不显著,在下面显著;侧脉通常在两面都不显著;叶柄长2.5-5厘米,淡紫绿色,细瘦,无毛。花多数常成顶生被短柔毛的伞房花序,直径约3厘米,总花梗长1.5-2厘米,开花在叶长大以后;萼片5,黄绿色,卵形,无毛,长约1.5毫米;花瓣5 ,淡黄色,狭窄披针形或匙状披针形,先端钝圆,长约2 毫米,雄蕊8,与萼片等长或微短,花盘无毛,微分裂,位于雄蕊外侧;子房密被淡黄色长柔毛,花柱无毛,很短、2裂,柱头平展或略反卷;花梗长5-10毫米,细瘦,嫩时被长柔毛,渐老近于无毛。翅果黄褐色;小坚果特别凸起,直径6毫米;翅与小坚果共长2-2.5厘米,稀达3厘米,宽9-10毫米,中部最宽,基部狭窄,张开成锐角或近于直立。花期4月,果期8月。
分布(Distribution):产山东、河南、江苏、浙江、安徽、江西、湖北、湖南、贵州和广东等省。生于海拔300-1000米的阔叶林中。日本也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 11 Page 516, 533, 534    
48. Acer buergerianum Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 2: 88. 1865.
三角枫 san jiao feng| Aceraceae  | Acer
Trees 5-20 m tall, andromonoecious. Bark rough. Branchlets slender; winter buds brown, ellipsoidal, small, scales villous along margin. Leaves deciduous; petiole 2.5-5(-8) cm, glabrous; leaf blade abaxially whitish, ovate, obovate, elliptic, or orbicular, (3-)6-10 × (3-)4-6 cm, membranous, abaxially glaucous, slightly pubescent especially on veins, adaxially glabrous, primary veins 3, base rounded or cuneate, shallowly or deeply 3-lobed, occasionally entire; middle lobe triangular-ovate or lanceolate, apex acute or shortly acuminate; lateral lobes short, margin usually entire, rarely with a few serrations, apex acute, sometimes lobes very small or obsolete. Inflorescence terminal, corymbose, ca. 3 cm wide, pubescent, numerous flowered. Pedicel 5-10 mm. Sepals 5, ovate, glabrous. Petals 5, yellowish white, narrowly lanceolate or spatulate-lanceolate, ca. 2 mm, apex obtuse. Stamens 8. Disk glabrous, extrastaminal. Ovary densely yellowish villous; style glabrous, very short; stigmas widely spreading or recurved. Fruit yellowish brown; nutlets strongly convex, 6-7 mm in diam.; wing broad at middle, contracted at base, wings spreading variously. Fl. Apr, fr. Aug.
Forests; sea level to 1500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan].
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容