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铺地柏Juniperus procumbens

时间:2013-07-15 15:40来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
铺地柏,Juniperus procumbens,葡地柏,矮桧,偃柏





中文名(Chinese Name):铺地柏
学名(Scientific Name): Juniperus procumbens (Siebold ex Endl.) Miq.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):葡地柏、矮桧,偃柏
异名Synonym): Sabina procumbens (Sieb. ex Endl.) Iwata et Kusaka  Juniperus chinensis var. procumbens Siebold ex Endl.  Juniperus japonica Hort. ex Carrière  Sabina chinensis var. procumbens (Siebold ex Endl.) Antoine
科属(Family & Genus):柏科Cupressaceae刺柏属Juniperus
形态特征(Description):匍匐灌木,高达75厘米;枝条延地面扩展,褐色,密生小枝,枝梢及小枝向上斜展。刺形叶三叶交叉轮生,条状披针形,先端渐尖成角质锐尖头,长6-8毫米,上面凹,有两条白粉气孔带,气孔带常在上部汇合,绿色中脉仅下部明显,不达叶之先端,下面凸起,蓝绿色,沿中脉有细纵槽。球果近球形,被白粉,成熟时黑色,径8-9毫米,有2-3粒种子;种子长约4毫米,有棱脊。
分布(Distribution):原产日本。
用途(Use):引种栽培作观赏树。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 71
Juniperus procumbens (Endlicher) Siebold ex Miquel in Siebold & Zuccarini, Fl. Jap. 2: 59, t. 127-III. 1870.
铺地柏 pu di bai | Cupressaceae  | Juniperus
Juniperus chinensis Linnaeus var. procumbens Endlicher, Syn. Conif. 21. 1847; Sabina procumbens (Endlicher) Iwata & Kusaka.
Shrubs procumbent, to 70 cm; branches creeping, much elongated, leading shoots and branchlets ascending. Leaves in whorls of 3, all needlelike, unequal in length, 6-8 mm, rigid, slightly concave adaxially, with 2 white stomatal bands adaxially, base decurrent apex sharply pointed. Pollen cones not seen. Seed cones black when ripe, glaucous, subglobose, 8-9 mm in diam., 2- or 3-seeded. Seeds ca. 4 mm, ridged.
Cultivated for ornament. Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shangdong, Yunnan, Zhejiang [native to Japan (including Bonin Islands)]
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