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柄唇兰Podochilus khasianus

时间:2013-10-25 16:17来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):柄唇兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Podochilus khasianus Hook. f. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Podochilus chinensis Schltr. 科属( Family Genus ): 兰科(Or
中文名(Chinese Name):柄唇兰
学名(Scientific Name):Podochilus khasianus Hook. f.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Podochilus chinensis Schltr.
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)柄唇兰属
形态特征(Description):茎丛生,直立,近圆柱形,长4-12厘米,全部包藏于叶鞘之内,节间长3-4毫米。叶多枚,二列互生,近肉质,狭长圆形或狭长圆状披针形,长6-7毫米,宽1.5-2.5毫米,常多少呈镰刀状弯曲,先端渐尖或急尖,两侧边缘内弯,基部具抱茎的筒状鞘,有关节,干后常稍呈黑褐色。总状花序顶生或侧生,长3-5毫米,一般有2-4花;花苞片卵状披针形,长1.5-2毫米,有3-5脉;花梗和子房很短,长约0.5-1毫米;花很小,白色或带绿色;中萼片卵状披针形,长2-2.2毫米,宽1-1.2毫米,先端渐尖;侧萼片卵状三角形,长2.2-2.5毫米,基部宽阔并着生于蕊柱足上,形成萼囊;花瓣近长圆形,长约1.6毫米,宽约0.7毫米;唇瓣长圆形,中部略缢缩,基部两侧扩大成裂片状且稍增厚而内弯,基部以细长的爪着生于蕊柱足上;蕊柱短,有长约0.7毫米的蕊柱足,两侧有明显的臂;蕊喙直立,长达1毫米。蒴果椭圆形,长2.5-3毫米,粗约1.8毫米。花果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西和云南。生于海拔450~1900米林中或溪谷旁树上。印度也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 365   
Podochilus khasianus J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 6: 81. 1890.
柄唇兰 bing chun lan| Orchidaceae  | Podochilus
Podochilus chinensis Schlechter.
Stems tufted, ascending, subterete, 4-12 cm, internodes 3-4 mm, completely enclosed in sheaths. Leaves many, distichous; blade often slightly dark brown when dried, narrowly oblong or narrowly oblong-lanceolate, often ± falcately curved, 6-7 × 1.5-2.5 mm, somewhat fleshy, with amplexicaul tubular sheaths at base, articulate, margin incurved, apex acuminate or acute. Inflorescence terminal or lateral, 3-5 mm, usually 2-4-flowered; floral bracts ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-2 mm, 3-5-veined. Flowers white or tinged with green, very small; pedicel and ovary 0.5-1 mm. Dorsal sepal ovate-lanceolate, 2-2.2 × 1-1.2 mm, acuminate; lateral sepals ovate-triangular, 2.2-2.5 mm. Petals suboblong, ca. 1.6 × 0.7 mm; lip oblong, 1-2.4 × 0.8-0.9 mm, slightly contracted at middle, both basal sides dilated, slightly thickened and incurved, attached at base to column foot by a distinct claw. Column short, both sides with conspicuous arms, foot ca. 0.7 mm. Capsule ellipsoid, 2.5-3 × ca. 1.8 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep.
Epiphytic on trees in forests or along streamsides; 400-1900 m. Guangdong, SW Guangxi, Hainan, S Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, NE India, N Vietnam].


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