织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 兰科植物 >

多花指甲兰Aerides rosea

时间:2013-10-23 15:25来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):多花指甲兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Aerides rosea Lodd. ex Lindl. et Paxt. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Aerides multiflora Roxb. :Z. H. Tsi Aerides trigo
中文名(Chinese Name):多花指甲兰
学名(Scientific Name):Aerides rosea Lodd. ex Lindl. et Paxt.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Aerides multiflora Roxb. :Z. H. Tsi  Aerides trigona Klotzsch  Aerides affinis var. rosea (Lodd. ex Lindl. & Paxton) E.C.Parish  Aerides fieldingii var. alba L.Linden  Aerides fieldingii var. williamsii (R.Warner) A.H.Kent  Aerides rosea f. alba (L.Linden) Christenson 
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)指甲兰属
形态特征(Description):茎粗壮,长5-20余厘米,连同叶鞘粗达2.5厘米。叶肉质,狭长圆形或带状,长达30厘米,宽2-3.5厘米,先端钝并且不等侧2裂。花序叶腋生,常1-3个,不分枝,比叶长;花序柄粗壮,被3枚长约1厘米的鳞片状鞘;花序轴较长,约为花序全长的1/2-3/5,密生许多花;花苞片绿色,质地厚,卵状披针形,长5-7毫米,先端渐尖;花梗和子房白色带淡紫色晕,长12-14毫米;子房棒状,三棱形;花白色带紫色斑点,开展;中萼片近倒卵形,长约12毫米,宽7毫米,先端钝,基部收窄,具4-5条脉;侧萼片稍斜卵圆形,长8毫米,宽7毫米,先端钝,具4-5条脉,花瓣与中萼片相似而等大;唇瓣3裂;侧裂片小,直立,耳状,下部边缘密生细乳突,前边深紫色;中裂片近菱形,长16-18毫米,基部上方宽12-14毫米,向先端急剧收窄而下弯,先端近锐尖,上面密布紫红色斑点,边缘稍具不整齐的锯齿,基部向距内延伸为先端带钩的线状附属物,附属物表面被细乳突;距白色,向前伸,狭圆锥形,长约5毫米;蕊柱白色稍带紫红色,长约5毫米,具长约1毫米的蕊柱足;蕊喙狭长,肉质;药帽白色,在顶端背侧黄色,前端收窄呈喙状。蒴果近卵形,长约2厘米,粗1.2厘米,基部具长约7毫米的柄。花期7月,果期8月至次年5月。
分布(Distribution):产广西、贵州、云南等地,生于海拔320~1530米的山地林缘或山坡疏生的常绿阔叶林中树干上,东南亚也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 485   
Aerides rosea Loddiges ex Lindley & Paxton, Paxt. Fl. Gard. 2: [109]. 1851.
多花指甲兰 duo hua zhi jia lan| Orchidaceae  | Aerides
Aerides affinis Wallich ex Lindley var. rosea (Loddiges ex Lindley & Paxton) E. C. Parish; A. fieldingii B. S. Williams; A. fieldingii var. williamsii (Warner) Veitch; A. williamsii Warner.
Stems 5-20 cm, ca. 2.5 cm in diam., stout. Leaf blade narrowly oblong or lorate, 28-30 × 2-3.5 cm, fleshy, obtuse and unequally bilobed. Inflorescences often 1-3, arising from peduncle sheath, pendulous, racemose or paniculate, 15-35 cm, densely 20-40-flowered; floral bracts ovate-lanceolate, 5-7 mm. Flowers white, spotted or tinged with purplish red, particularly on lip, opening widely; pedicel and ovary 12-14 mm. Dorsal sepal subobovate, ca. 12 × 7 mm, base contracted, apex obtuse; lateral sepals slightly oblique, ovate, ca. 8 × 7 mm, obtuse. Petals obovate, ca. 10 × 7 mm, obtuse; lip deltoid to trullate, slightly laterally compressed, 1.4-1.6 × 0.8-1.1 cm, immovable, 3-lobed, apex acute; lateral lobes small, incurved over mouth of spur; mid-lobe hastate, triangular-acute, margin slightly irregularly denticulate, base with a linear appendage running into spur; appendage hooked tipped, minutely papillate; spur spreading horizontally, parallel to mid-lobe, narrowly conic, ca. 5 mm. Column ca. 5 mm, foot ca. 1 mm. Capsule subovoid, ca. 2 × 1.2 cm. Fl. Jul, fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 38.
Epiphytic on tree trunks in open forests or at forest margins; 300-1600 m. S Guangxi, SW Guizhou, S and SE Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].




(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(3)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容