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香花指甲兰 Aerides odorata

时间:2013-10-23 15:23来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):香花指甲兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Aerides odorata Lour. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Polytoma odorifera Lour. ex B.A.Gomes Orxera cornuta (Roxb.) Raf.
中文名(Chinese Name):香花指甲兰
学名(Scientific Name):Aerides odorata Lour.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Polytoma odorifera Lour. ex B.A.Gomes  Orxera cornuta (Roxb.) Raf.  Aeeridium odorum Salisb.  Aerides ballantiniana Rchb.f.  Aerides cornuta Roxb.  Aerides dayana Guillaumin  Aerides flavida Lindl.  Aerides jucunda Rchb.f.  Aerides micholitzii Rolfe  Aerides nobilis R.Warner  Aerides reichenbachii Linden  Aerides rohaniana Rchb.f.  Aerides suavissima Lindl.  Aerides virens Lindl.  Aerides wilsoniana auct.  Epidendrum aerides Raeusch.  Epidendrum odoratum (Lour.) Poir.  Aerides odorata var. annamensis Costantin  Aerides odorata subvar. immaculata Guillaumin  Aerides odorata var. pallida Guillaumin  Aerides reichenbachii var. cochinchinensis Rchb.f.  Aerides odorata var. micholitzii (Rolfe) Guillaumin  Aerides odorata var. demidovii Linden  Aerides odorata var. ballantiniana (Rchb.f.) A.H.Kent  Aerides odorata var. birmanica Rchb.f.  Aerides odorata f. immaculata (Guillaumin) M.Wolff & O.Gruss  Aerides suaveolens var. virens (Lindl.) Blume  Aerides odorata var. eburnea Cogn.  Aerides odorata var. major Ortgies  Aeridium odorum Salisb.
科属Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)指甲兰属
形态特征Description):茎粗壮。叶厚革质,宽带状,长15-20厘米,宽2.5-4.6厘米,先端钝并且不等侧2裂,基部具关节和鞘。总状花序下垂,近等长或长于叶,密生许多花;花序柄粗壮,疏生少数鳞片状的鞘;花大,开展,直径约3厘米,芳香,白色带粉红色;花苞片宽卵形,比具柄的子房短得多,先端钝;中萼片椭圆形,长约1厘米,宽8毫米,先端圆钝,具4-5条主脉;侧萼片基部贴生在蕊柱足上,宽卵形,长1.2厘米,宽9毫米,先端钝,具4-5条主脉;花瓣近椭圆形,比中萼片稍小,先端钝,基部收狭;唇瓣着生于蕊柱足末端,3裂;侧裂片直立,较大,倒卵状楔形,长约1.5厘米,上端宽1厘米,先端圆钝,上缘具不整齐的齿;中裂片狭长圆形,长1.2厘米,宽约3毫米,先端2裂;距狭角状,长约1厘米,向前弯曲;蕊柱粗短,长约5毫米,具长约9毫米的蕊柱足。花期5月。
分布(Distribution):产喜马拉雅地区、越南、马来西亚及印度尼西亚一带,多附生于树上。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 485   
Aerides odorata Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 525. 1790.
香花指甲兰 xiang hua zhi jia lan| Orchidaceae  | Aerides
Epidendrum odoratum (Loureiro) Poiret.
Stems rather drooping, stout, branched. Leaf blade broadly lorate, 15-20 × 2.5-4.6 cm, thickly leathery, obtuse and unequally bilobed. Inflorescence numerous, nodding, racemose, 15-30 cm, densely 20-30-flowered; floral bracts broadly ovate, 5-9 mm, obtuse. Flowers fragrant, opening widely, 1.5-3 cm in diam., purple to almost white, often tipped and spotted purple, spur apex greenish yellow; pedicel and ovary 1-2.5 cm, slender. Dorsal sepal elliptic, ca. 10 × 8 mm, obtuse-rounded; lateral sepals broadly ovate, ca. 12 × 9 mm, adnate at base to column foot, apex obtuse. Petals subelliptic, 11-12 × 5-7 mm, base contracted, apex obtuse; lip immovable, spurred, 3-lobed, almost enclosing column; lateral lobes erect, obovate-cuneate, ca. 15 × 10 mm, distal margin irregularly toothed, apex obtuse-rounded; mid-lobe linear, ca. 12 × 3 mm, bilobed; spur bent forward, narrowly horn-shaped, ca. 1 cm. Column ca. 5 mm, thick, foot ca. 9 mm. Fl. May. 2n = 36, 38, 40.
On tree trunks in forests; 200-1200 m. Guangdong, W Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].
For a more extensive synonymy, see Seidenfaden (Opera Bot. 95: 242-243. 1988).






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