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蕤核Prinsepia uniflora

时间:2018-06-26 15:53来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 蕤核 学名( Scientific Name ): Prinsepia uniflora Batal. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 扁核木 异名( Synonym ): Sinoplagiospermum uniflorum (Batalin) Rauschert 科属( Famil
中文名(Chinese Name):蕤核
学名(Scientific Name):Prinsepia uniflora Batal.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):扁核木
异名(Synonym):Sinoplagiospermum uniflorum (Batalin) Rauschert
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科Rosaceae扁核木属Prinsepia
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-2米;老枝紫褐色,树皮光滑;小枝灰绿色或灰褐色,无毛或有极短柔毛;枝刺钻形,长0.5-1厘米,无毛,刺上不生叶;冬芽卵圆形,有多数鳞片。叶互生或丛生,近无柄;叶片长圆披针形或狭长圆形,长2-5.5厘米,宽6-8毫米,先端圆钝或急尖,基部楔形或宽楔形,全缘,有时呈浅波状或有不明显锯齿,上面深绿色,下面淡绿色,中脉突起,两面无毛;托叶小,早落。花单生或2-3朵,簇生于叶丛内;花梗长3-5毫米,无毛;花直径8-10毫米;萼筒陀螺状;萼片短三角卵形或半圆形,先端圆钝,全缘,萼片和萼筒内外两面均无毛;花瓣白色,有紫色脉纹,倒卵形,长5-6毫米,先端啮蚀状,基部宽楔形,有短爪,着生在萼筒口花盘边缘处;雄蕊10,花药黄色,圆卵形,花丝扁而短,比花药稍长,着生在花盘上;心皮1,无毛,花柱侧生,柱头头状。核果球形,红褐色或黑褐色,直径8-12毫米,无毛,有光泽;萼片宿存,反折;核左右压扁的卵球形,长约7毫米,有沟纹。花期4-5月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产河南、山西、陕西、内蒙古、甘肃和四川等省区。生山坡阳处或山脚下,海拔900-1100米。性耐干旱。
用途(Use):果实可酿酒、制醋或食用,种子可入药。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 390
Prinsepia uniflora Batalin, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada. 12: 167. 1892.
蕤核 rui he | Rosaceae  | Prinsepia
Shrubs 1–2 m tall. Branches purplish brown, robust, glabrous; branchlets grayish green to grayish brown, longitudinally angled, glabrous or pubescent; spines usually erect, 6–10 mm, usually leafless. Winter buds purplish red, ovoid, glabrous. Petiole short to leaf subsessile, subglabrous; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate, narrowly oblong, oblong, ovate-oblong, ovate-lanceolate, narrowly lanceolate, or narrowly elliptic, 2–5.5 × 0.6–0.8 cm, abaxially pale green, adaxially dark green, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin repand to conspicuously serrulate, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescences 1-flowered or to 3-flowered fascicle; bracts not seen. Flowers 8–10 mm in diam. Pedicel 3–15 mm, glabrous. Hypanthium turbinate, outside glabrous. Sepals triangular-ovate to semiorbicular, reflexed in fruit, outside glabrous, margin entire, apex obtuse. Petals white with purple veins, obovate, 5–6 mm, base broadly cuneate and shortly clawed, margin apically erose. Stamens 10, in 2 whorls. Ovary glabrous. Style short. Drupe reddish brown to blackish brown, globose, 0.8–1.2 cm in diam., glabrous, lustrous. Fl. May, fr. Jun–Sep.
Slopes, ravines in valleys, bases of hills; 800--2200 m. Gansu, W Henan, S Nei Mongol, Ningxia, E Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, W Sichuan.


 


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