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淡黄金花茶Camellia flavida

时间:2013-11-09 21:14来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 淡黄金花茶 学名( Scientific Name ): Camellia flavida H. T. Chang 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Camellia grandis (Liang et Mo) H. T. Chang et S. Y. Liang
中文名(Chinese Name):淡黄金花茶
学名(Scientific Name):Camellia flavida H. T. Chang
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Camellia grandis (Liang et Mo) H. T. Chang et S. Y. Liang  Camellia ptilosperma S. Yun Liang et O. D. Chen  Camellia longruiensis S. Yun Liang et X. J. Dong  Camellia longgangensis C. F. Liang et S. L. Mo  Camellia longgangensis var. grandis C. F. Liang et S. L. Mo  Camellia flavida f. polypetala R. G. Li et S. Q. He
科属(Family & Genus):山茶科(Theaceae)山茶属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高3米,嫩枝无毛。叶革质,长圆形或椭圆形,长8-10厘米,宽3-4.5厘米,先端渐尖,基部阔楔形,上面干后灰褐色,无光泽,无毛,下面浅褐色,无毛;侧脉6-7对,在上面略陷下,在下面突起,网脉在下面明显,边缘有细锯齿,叶柄6-8毫米,无毛。花顶生,花柄长1-2毫米;苞片4-5片,半圆形,长1.5-2.5毫米,无毛;萼片5片,近圆形,长6-8毫米,无毛,或背面上部多少有毛,离生;花瓣8片,倒卵圆形,淡黄色,长约1.5厘米,无毛;雄蕊离生,无毛;子房无毛;花柱3条,完全分离,无毛。蒴果球形,直径1.7厘米,1室,有种子1粒,果壳2爿裂开。厚1-1.5毫米,种子圆球形,宽1.3厘米;有宿存萼片及苞片。花期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产广西。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 368, 371 
Camellia flavida Hung T. Chang, Taxon. Gen. Camellia. 103. 1981.
淡黄金花茶 dan huang jin hua cha| Theaceae  | Camellia
Shrubs 1-3.5 m tall. Young branches grayish brown; current year branchlets purplish red, glabrous. Petiole 3-10 mm, glabrous, adaxially grooved; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 8-16(-17.5) × 3-6.5 cm, thinly leathery, abaxially pale green, brown glandular punctate, and becoming pale brown when dry, adaxially dark green, both surfaces glabrous, midvein abaxially elevated and adaxially impressed, secondary veins 7-9 on each side of midvein, abaxially raised, and adaxially slightly impressed, reticulate veins abaxially slightly raised and adaxially visible, base cuneate to obtuse, margin serrulate, apex acuminate to shortly caudate. Flowers axillary, solitary. Pedicel 3-5 mm; bracteoles 5 or 6, ± covering pedicel, semiorbicular to ovate, 1.5-2.5 × 2-3.5 mm, outside glabrous, inside white puberulent, margin ciliolate. Sepals 5, 3.5-5 × 4.5-6 mm, outside glabrous, inside white puberulent, margin ciliolate. Petals 7-13, pale yellow, rarely purplish in bud, obovate to obovate-elliptic, 1.2-2.5 × 0.9-1.5 cm; inner petals basally connate for ca. 2 mm. Stamens 1-1.5 cm, glabrous; outer filament whorl basally connate for 3-5 mm. Ovary globose, ca. 1.5 mm in diam., glabrous, (2 or)3(-5)-loculed; styles 3, distinct, 1-1.3 cm. Capsule oblate, 2.5-3.5 cm in diam., (2 or)3(-5)-loculed with 1 or 2 seeds per locule; pericarp ca. 1 mm thick. Seeds brown, globose or hemispherical, 1-1.5 cm in diam., reddish brown villous. Fl. Nov-Jan, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 30*.
● Evergreen broad-leaved forests on calcareous hills; 100-500 m. S and SW Guangxi.
 


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