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高丽悬钩子Rubus coreanus

时间:2013-11-06 14:26来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 高丽悬钩子 学名( Scientific Name ): Rubus coreanus Miq. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 插田泡 异名( Synonym ): Rubus coreanus var. nakaianus H. Lv. Rubus coreanus var. kou
中文名(Chinese Name):高丽悬钩子
学名(Scientific Name):Rubus coreanus Miq.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):插田泡
异名(Synonym):Rubus coreanus var. nakaianus H. Lév.  Rubus coreanus var. kouytchensis (H. Lév.) H. Lév.  Rubus quelpaertensis H. Lév.  Rubus nakaianus H. Lév. ex Nakai  Rubus pseudosaxatilis H. Lév.  Rubus pseudosaxatilis var. kouytchensis H. Lév.  Rubus tokkura Siebold 
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)悬钩子属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-3米;枝粗壮,红褐色,被白粉,具近直立或钩状扁平皮刺。小叶通常5枚,稀3枚,卵形、菱状卵形或宽卵形,长(2)3-8厘米,宽2-5厘米,顶端急尖,基部楔形至近圆形,上面无毛或仅沿叶脉有短柔毛,下面被稀疏柔毛或仅沿叶脉被短柔毛,边缘有不整齐粗锯齿或缺刻状粗锯齿,顶生小叶顶端有时3浅裂;叶柄长2-5厘米,顶生小叶柄长1-2厘米,侧生小叶近无柄,与叶轴均被短柔毛和疏生钩状小皮刺;托叶线状披针形,有柔毛。伞房花序生于侧枝顶端,具花数朵至30几朵,总花梗和花梗均被灰白色短柔毛;花梗长5-10毫米;苞片线形,有短柔毛;花直径7-10毫米;花萼外面被灰白色短柔毛;萼片长卵形至卵状披针形,长4-6毫米,顶端渐尖,边缘具绒毛,花时开展,果时反折;花瓣倒卵形,淡红色至深红色,与萼片近等长或稍短;雄蕊比花瓣短或近等长,花丝带粉红色;雌蕊多数;花柱无毛,子房被稀疏短柔毛。果实近球形,直径5-8毫米,深红色至紫黑色,无毛或近无毛;核具皱纹。花期4-6月,果期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产陕西、甘肃、河南、江西、湖北、湖南、江苏、浙江、福建、安徽、四川、贵州、新疆,生海拔100-1700米的山坡灌丛或山谷、河边、路旁。朝鲜和日本也有。
用途(Use):果实味酸甜可生食、熬糖及酿酒,又可入药,为强壮剂;根有止血、止痛之效;叶能明目。FOC Vol. 9 Page 221      
Rubus coreanus Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 3: 34. 1867.
插田泡 cha tian pao| Rosaceae  | Rubus
Shrubs 1–3 m tall. Branchlets reddish brown to purplish brown, cylindric, robust, glabrous, with ± straight flattened curved prickles and glaucous bloom. Leaves imparipinnate, 5- or 7-foliolate, rarely 3-foliolate; petiole 2–5 cm, petiolule of terminal leaflet 1–2 cm, lateral leaflets subsessile, petiolule and rachis pubescent, with sparse, curved minute prickles; stipules linear-lanceolate, 4–7 mm, soft hairy; blade of leaflets ovate, rhombic ovate, or broadly ovate, (2–)3–8 × 2–5 cm, abaxially pubescent or only along veins or shortly tomentose, adaxially glabrous or pubescent only along veins, base cuneate to subrounded, margin irregularly coarse serrate to incised coarsely serrate, sometimes 3-lobed on terminal leaflet, apex acute. Inflorescences terminal on lateral short branchlets, corymbose, 2.5–5 cm, several to more than 30-flowered; rachis and pedicels gray pubescent, with sparse, curved minute prickles; bracts linear, nearly as long as or slightly shorter than stipules, pubescent. Pedicel 5–10 mm. Flowers 7–10 mm in diam. Calyx abaxially gray pubescent; tube shallowly cupular; sepals spreading at anthesis, reflexed in fruit, narrowly ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 4–7 × 2–3.5 mm, margin tomentose, apex acuminate to caudate. Petals pink to dark red, obovate, premorse, nearly as long as or somewhat shorter than sepals. Stamens numerous, shorter than or ca. as long as petals; filaments pinkish, linear. Pistils slightly shorter than stamens; ovary sparsely pubescent; styles glabrous. Aggregate fruit dark red or purplish black, subglobose, 5–8 mm in diam., glabrous or subglabrous; pyrenes rugose. Fl. Apr–Jun, fr. Jun–Aug. 2n = 14.
Thickets on slopes, montane valleys, ravines, river banks, roadsides; 100--3100 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].
 


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