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金钟花Forsythia viridissima

时间:2013-10-23 13:19来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):金钟花 学名( Scientific Name ): Forsythia viridissima Lindl. 英文名( English Common Name ): greenstem forsythia 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 迎春柳、金梅花 异名( Synonym ): Rangium viridissimum (Lindl.
中文名(Chinese Name):金钟花
学名(Scientific Name):Forsythia viridissima Lindl.
英文名(English Common Name):greenstem forsythia
别名(Chinese Common Name):迎春柳、金梅花
异名(Synonym):Rangium viridissimum (Lindl.) Ohwi  Forsythia viridissima var. incisa Geerinck
科属(Family & Genus):木犀科(Oleaceae)连翘属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木,高可达3米,全株除花萼裂片边缘具睫毛外,其余均无毛。枝棕褐色或红棕色,直立,小枝绿色或黄绿色,呈四棱形,皮孔明显,具片状髓。叶片长椭圆形至披针形,或倒卵状长椭圆形,长3.5-15厘米,宽1-4厘米,先端锐尖,基部楔形,通常上半部具不规则锐锯齿或粗锯齿,稀近全缘,上面深绿色,下面淡绿色,两面无毛,中脉和侧脉在上面凹入,下面凸起;叶柄长6-12毫米。花1-3(-4)朵着生于叶腋,先于叶开放;花梗长3-7毫米;花萼长3.5-5毫米,裂片绿色,卵形、宽卵形或宽长圆形,长2-4毫米,具睫毛;花冠深黄色,长1.1-2.5厘米,花冠管长5-6毫米,裂片狭长圆形至长圆形,长0.6-1.8厘米,宽3-8毫米,内面基部具桔黄色条纹,反卷;在雄蕊长3.5-5毫米花中,雌蕊长5.5-7毫米,在雄蕊长6-7毫米的花中,雌蕊长约3毫米。果卵形或宽卵形,长1-1.5厘米,宽0.6-1厘米,基部稍圆,先端喙状渐尖,具皮孔;果梗长3-7毫米。花期3-4月,果期8-11月。
分布(Distribution):产江苏、安徽、浙江、江西、福建、湖北、湖南、云南西北部,生海拔300-2 600米山地、谷地或河谷边林缘,溪沟边或山坡路旁灌丛中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 280
Forsythia viridissima Lindley, J. Hort. Soc. London. 1: 226. 1846.
金钟花 jin zhong hua | Oleaceae  | Forsythia
Rangium viridissimum (Lindley) Ohwi.
Shrubs glabrous except for calyx lobes. Branches upright, to 3 m; branchlets green or yellow-green; pith lamellate. Leaves simple; petiole 6-12 mm; leaf blade long elliptic to lanceolate or long obovate-elliptic, 3.5-15 × 1-4 cm, subleathery, base cuneate, margin serrate or entire along distal half, apex acute. Flowers 1-3(-4) in leaf axils. Pedicel 3-7 mm. Calyx lobes broadly ovate or elliptic, 2-4 mm, ciliate. Corolla deep yellow outside, tinged with orange-yellow stripes inside; tube 5-6 mm; lobes narrowly oblong, 0.6-1.8 cm, revolute. Pistil 5.5-7 mm in flowers with stamens 3.5-5 mm or ca. 3 mm in flowers with stamens 6-7 mm. Capsule ovoid, 1-1.5 cm × 6-10 mm, lenticellate; stalk 3-7 mm. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Aug-Nov.
* Ravines, margin of woods near river valleys, streamsides. Anhui, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, NW Yunnan, Zhejiang
Widely cultivated in all parts except for S China.




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