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连翘Forsythia suspensa

时间:2013-10-23 13:18来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):连翘 学名( Scientific Name ): Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl 英文名( English Common Name ): weeping forsythia 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 黄花杆、黄寿丹 异名 ( Synonym ): Forsythia suspensa f. pubes
中文名(Chinese Name):连翘
学名(Scientific Name):Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl
英文名(English Common Name):weeping forsythia
别名(Chinese Common Name):黄花杆、黄寿丹
异名Synonym):Forsythia suspensa f. pubescens Rehd.  Forsythia fortunei Lindl.  Forsythia suspensa var. latifolia Rehder  Ligustrum suspensum Thunb.  Rangium suspensum (Thunb.) Ohwi  Syringa suspensa (Thunb.) Thunb.  Forsythia suspensa var. sieboldii Zabel  Forsythia suspensa var. fortunei (Lindl.) Rehder  Forsythia giraldiana f. pubescens (Rehder) C.S.Niu  Forsythia sieboldii (Zabel) Dippel  Forsythia suspensa f. atrocaulis Rehder  Forsythia suspensa f. aureovariegata Koehne  Forsythia suspensa f. decipiens Koehne  Forsythia suspensa f. pallida Koehne  Forsythia suspensa f. variegata Butz. ex Rehder  Forsythia suspensa var. pubescens (Rehder) Lingelsh.  Lilac perpensa Lam.
科属Family & Genus):木犀科(Oleaceae)连翘属
形态特征Description):落叶灌木。枝开展或下垂,棕色、棕褐色或淡黄褐色,小枝土黄色或灰褐色,略呈四棱形,疏生皮孔,节间中空,节部具实心髓。叶通常为单叶,或3裂至三出复叶,叶片卵形、宽卵形或椭圆状卵形至椭圆形,长2-10厘米,宽1.5-5厘米,先端锐尖,基部圆形、宽楔形至楔形,叶缘除基部外具锐锯齿或粗锯齿,上面深绿色,下面淡黄绿色,两面无毛;叶柄长0.8-1.5厘米,无毛。花通常单生或2至数朵着生于叶腋,先于叶开放;花梗长5-6毫米;花萼绿色,裂片长圆形或长圆状椭圆形,长(5-)6-7毫米,先端钝或锐尖,边缘具睫毛,与花冠管近等长;花冠黄色,裂片倒卵状长圆形或长圆形,长1.2-2厘米,宽6-10毫米;在雌蕊长5-7毫米花中,雄蕊长3-5毫米,在雄蕊长6-7毫米的花中,雌蕊长约3毫米。果卵球形、卵状椭圆形或长椭圆形,长1.2-2.5厘米,宽0.6-1.2厘米,先端喙状渐尖,表面疏生皮孔;果梗长0.7-1.5厘米。花期3-4月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产河北、山西、陕西、山东、安徽西部、河南、湖北、四川。生海拔250-2200米山坡灌丛、林下或草丛中。
用途(Use):本种除果实入药,具清热解毒、消结排脓之效外,药用其叶,对治疗高血压、痢疾、咽喉痛等效果较好。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 279
Forsythia suspensa (Thunberg) Vahl, Enum. Pl. 1: 39. 1804.
连翘 lian qiao | Oleaceae  | Forsythia
Ligustrum suspensum Thunberg, Nov. Act. Soc. Sci. Upsal. 3: 207. 1780; Forsythia fortunei Lindley; F. suspensa var. fortunei (Lindley) Rehder; F. suspensa var. latifolia Rehder; F. suspensa f. pubescens Rehder; F. suspensa var. sieboldii Zabel; Rangium suspensum (Thunberg) Ohwi; Syringa suspensa (Thunberg) Thunberg ex Murray.
Shrubs. Branches spreading or pendulous; branchlets yellow-brown or gray-brown; internodes hollow. Leaves simple, sometimes 3-parted to 3-foliolate; petiole 0.8-1.5 cm, glabrous or sometimes pubescent; leaf blade ovate, broadly ovate, or elliptic-ovate, 2-10 × 1.5-5 cm, subleathery, glabrous or sometimes pubescent, or abaxially villous, especially along veins, base rounded to cuneate, margin serrate, apex acute. Flowers solitary or 2 to several in leaf axils. Pedicel 5-6 mm. Calyx lobes oblong, (5-)6-7 mm, ciliate. Corolla yellow; tube subequal to calyx lobes; lobes obovate-oblong or oblong, 1.2-2 cm. Pistil 5-7 mm in flowers with stamens 3-5 mm or ca. 3 mm in flowers with stamens 6-7 mm. Capsule ovoid to long ellipsoid, 1.2-2.5 cm × 6-12 mm, with scattered lenticels; stalk 0.7-1.5 cm. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Jul-Sep.
* Thickets or grassy areas on slopes, valleys, gullies; 300-2200 m. Anhui, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu (cultivated), Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan
The fruit are used as antipyretic and antidote. The plant is ornamental.
Because upright and pendulous branches are found on same plant, Forsythia suspensa var. fortunei does not merit recognition as a variety.






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