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雪下红 Ardisia villosa

时间:2013-10-18 13:50来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):雪下红 学名( Scientific Name ): Ardisia villosa Roxb. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 卷毛紫金牛 异名( Synonym ): Ardisia villosa var. ambovestita Walker Ardisia villosa var
中文名(Chinese Name):雪下红
学名(Scientific Name):Ardisia villosa Roxb.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):卷毛紫金牛
异名(Synonym):Ardisia villosa var. ambovestita Walker  Ardisia villosa var. oblanceolata Walker  Ardisia dumetosa Tutcher  Ardisia trichocarpa Merr.  Ardisia villosa var. latifolia E. Walker  Ardisia dolichosepala Merr.  Ardisia coccinea Jungh.  Ardisia glabrata Blume  Ardisia mollis Blume  Ardisia tavoyana A.DC.  Ardisia tawaensis Masam.  Ardisia vestita Wall.  Ardisia villosa var. glabrata (Blume) Kurz
科属Family & Genus):紫金牛科(Myrsinaceae)紫金牛属
形态特征Description):直立灌木,高50-100厘米,稀达2-3米,具匍匐根茎;幼时几全株被灰褐色或锈色长柔毛或长硬毛,毛常卷曲,以后渐无毛。叶片坚纸质,椭圆状披针形至卵形,稀倒披针形,顶端急尖或渐尖,基部楔形,微下延,长7-15厘米,宽2.5-5厘米,近全缘或由边缘腺点缢缩成波状细锯齿或圆齿,通常不明显,叶面除中脉外,几无毛,背面密被长硬毛或长柔毛,具腺点,以背面尤显,侧脉约15对,多少连成边缘脉,无规律或间断;叶柄长5-10毫米,被长柔毛。单或复聚伞花序或伞形花序,被锈色长柔毛,侧生或着生于侧生特殊花枝顶端;花枝长2-15 (-20) 厘米,长者近顶端常有1-2片叶或退化叶;花梗长5-10毫米;花长5-8毫米,花萼仅基部连合,萼片长圆状披针形或舌形,顶端钝,与花瓣等长,丙面被毛,外面尤密,具密腺点;花瓣淡紫色或粉红色,稀白色,卵形至广披针形,顶端急尖,具腺点,无毛;雄蕊较花瓣略长或等长,子房卵珠形,几无毛或被微柔毛;胚珠5枚,1轮。果球形,直径5-7毫米,深红色或带黑色,具腺点,被毛。花期5-7月,果期2-5月。
分布(Distribution):产云南、广西、广东,生于海拔500-1540米的疏、密林下石缝间,坡边或路旁阳处,亦见于荫蔽的潮湿地方。越南至印度半岛东部也有。
用途(Use):全株供药用,有消肿、活血散瘀作用,用于风湿骨痛、跌打损伤、吐血、红白痢、疮疥等。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 25
Ardisia villosa Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 274. 1824.
雪下红 xue xia hong| Myrsinaceae  | Ardisia
Ardisia dumetosa Tutcher; A. trichocarpa Merrill; A. villosa var. ambovestita E. Walker; A. villosa var. latifolia E. Walker; A. villosa var. oblanceolata E. Walker.
Shrubs 1(-3) m tall, stoloniferous, blackish or rusty villous or hirsute almost throughout, glabrescent. Petiole 5-10 mm; leaf blade elliptic-lanceolate to ovate or oblanceolate, 5-15 × 1.2-5 cm, papery, densely punctate especially abaxially, base cuneate, decurrent, margin subentire, undulate, crenate, or serrate, apex acute or acuminate; lateral veins ca. 15 on each side of midrib, raised on both sides, marginal vein interrupted. Inflorescences simple or compound umbellate, rusty villous, on leafy or leafless specialized branches 2-15 (-20) cm. Flowers lavender or pink, rarely white, to 8 mm. Pedicel 5-10 mm. Sepals oblong-lanceolate or ligulate, densely punctate, densely villous outside, pubescent inside, apex obtuse. Petals ovate to broadly lanceolate, glabrous, punctate, apex acute. Stamens nearly as long as petals; anthers lanceolate, acute, punctate dorsally. Ovary glabrescent or puberulent; ovules ca. 5, uniseriate. Fruit dark red or blackish, globose, 6-7 mm in diam., hirsute or villous, punctate. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Feb-Jul.
Evergreen broad-leaved forests, mountain slopes, roadsides, rock crevices, damp places; 500-1500 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Malaysia]




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