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酸薹菜Ardisia solanacea

时间:2018-06-26 13:13来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):酸薹菜 学名( Scientific Name ): Ardisia solanacea Roxb. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 帕累 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 紫金牛科(Myrsinaceae)紫金牛属 形态特
中文名(Chinese Name):酸薹菜
学名(Scientific Name): Ardisia solanacea Roxb.   
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):帕累
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):紫金牛科(Myrsinaceae)紫金牛属
形态特征(Description):灌木或乔木,高6米以上;小枝粗壮,无毛,具大叶痕和皱纹。叶片坚纸质,椭圆状披针形或倒披针形,顶端急尖、钝或近圆形,基部急尖或狭窄下延,长12-20厘米,宽4-7厘米,两面无毛,具疏腺点,侧脉约20对,明显,微隆起;细脉网状,不甚明显;叶柄长1-2厘米。复总状花序或总状花序,腋生,总梗长5-10 (-14) 厘米,粗壮;花梗长1-3厘米,粗壮,均无毛;花长约1厘米,花萼仅基部连合或几分离,萼片广卵形至肾形,长约3毫米,顶端圆形,基部略耳形,互相重叠,具密腺点,几全缘或具微波状缘毛,边缘几膜质;花瓣粉红色,宽卵形,长约9毫米,顶端急尖或钝,具密腺点,两面无毛;雄蕊与花瓣近等长,花药长圆状披针形,背部具密且大的腺点;雌蕊与花瓣几等长,子房球形,具密腺点,无毛;胚珠多数,数轮。果扁球形,直径7-9毫米,紫红色或带黑色,密布腺点。花期2-3月,果期8-11月,也有花正开果亦熟的情况。
分布(Distribution):产云南(南部及东南部)、广西(西南部),海拔400-1550米的疏、密林中或林缘灌木丛中。从斯里兰卡至新加坡亦有。
用途(Use):嫩叶、茎经烫软、漂洗处理后,可作蔬菜,是少数民族常食用的野菜之一。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 15     
Ardisia solanacea Roxburgh, Pl. Coromandel. 1: 27. 1795.
酸苔菜 suan tai cai | Myrsinaceae  | Ardisia
Shrubs or trees to 6 m tall, glabrous. Branchlets prominently angular, 5-7 mm in diam. Petiole canaliculate, 1-2 cm; leaf blade elliptic or oblanceolate, 12-20 × 4-7 cm, papery, conspicuously black punctate and punctate-lineate abaxially, not prominently punctate adaxially, base cuneate or narrowly decurrent on petiole, margin subrevolute, entire, apex acute; lateral veins ca. 20 on each side of midrib, raised on both surfaces, marginal vein absent. Inflorescences at bases of new shoots, paniculate with racemose or rarely corymbose branches, 3-8 cm. Flowers leathery, pink, ca. 1 cm. Sepals broadly ovate to reniform, ca. 3 mm, densely black punctate, base subauriculate, margin subentire or crenulate, ciliate, scarious, apex rounded. Petals nearly free; lobes broadly ovate, ca. 9 mm, punctate, margin entire, hyaline, apex obtuse or acute. Stamens subequalling petals; filaments ca. 1/4 anther length; anthers linear-lanceolate, densely punctate dorsally, longitudinally dehiscent, apex acute. Pistil subequalling petals; ovary globose, densely punctate; ovules numerous, multiseriate. Fruit purplish red or blackish, oblate, 7-9 mm in diam., densely black punctate. Fl. Feb-Mar, fr. Aug-Nov. 2n = 46.
Mixed forests, shrubby areas, mountains or hillsides; 400-1600 m. SW Guangxi, S and SE Yunnan [India, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, cultivated in Hawaii].







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