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铜盆花 Ardisia obtusa

时间:2018-06-26 13:10来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):铜盆花 学名( Scientific Name ): Ardisia obtusa Mez 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 钝叶紫金牛 异名( Synonym ): Ardisia pseudopedunculosa var. cochinchinensis Pit. Ardisia ps
中文名(Chinese Name):铜盆花
学名(Scientific Name):Ardisia obtusa Mez  
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):钝叶紫金牛
异名(Synonym):Ardisia pseudopedunculosa var. cochinchinensis Pit.  Ardisia pseudopedunculosa Pit. 
科属(Family & Genus):紫金牛科(Myrsinaceae)紫金牛属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-6米;小枝无毛,常有棱。叶片坚纸质或略厚,倒披针形或倒卵形,顶端广急尖、钝或圆形,基部楔形,长6-10 (-17.5) 厘米,宽2-4 (-5) 厘米,全缘,无边缘腺点,两面无毛,有时背面具极细的疏鳞片,无腺点,中脉于背面明显,隆起,侧脉8-15对,常不明显,不连成边缘脉或边缘脉不明显;叶柄长7-10毫米。由复伞房花序或亚伞形花序组成的圆锥花序,顶生,长约6.5厘米,花序中常有退化的叶或叶状苞片,无毛;花梗长5-10 (-17) 毫米;花长4-5 (-6) 毫米,花萼仅基部连合,萼片三角状卵形至长圆状卵形,顶端急尖,长约1.5毫米,有或无腺点;花瓣淡紫色或粉红色,卵形,顶端急尖,长 (3-) 4 (-6) 毫米,无腺点;雄蕊与花瓣几等长,花药卵形,顶端细尖,背部有或无腺点;雌蕊与花瓣等长或花柱露出花瓣,子房卵珠形,无毛;胚珠15枚,3轮。果球形,直径4 (-8) 毫米,黑色,无腺点,具不明显的纵肋。花期2-4月,果期4-7月。
分布(Distribution):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 16
Ardisia obtusa Mez in Engler, Pflanzenr. IV. 236 (Heft 9): 104. 1902.
铜盆花 tong pen hua | Myrsinaceae  | Ardisia
Shrubs or trees to 7 m tall, densely and minutely brown scaly on branchlets, petioles and inflorescence, glabrescent. Branchlets terete, 4-5(-6) mm in diam. Petiole marginate, canaliculate, 5-10 mm; leaf blade oblanceolate, elliptic or obovate, (5-)6-9(-10) × (1.4-)2-4(-5) cm, thin leathery, glabrous, base cuneate, margin entire or obscurely serrate, apex broadly acute, acuminate, or obtuse; lateral veins 8-15 on each side of midrib, obscure, marginal vein inconspicuous. Inflorescences terminal or subterminal, paniculate, branches corymbose or subumbellate, rarely racemose, 5-8 × 7-13 cm. Flowers papery, white to pink or lavender, 2-5(-6) mm. Pedicel 2-10(-17) mm, slender. Sepals ovate, 0.8-1.5 mm, pellucid or orange punctate, margin entire, minutely ciliate, apex acute. Petals nearly free, broadly ovate or ovate, 2-4(-6) mm, densely and minutely orange punctate, or inconspicuously pellucid punctate, margin entire, apex obtuse to acute. Stamens equaling petals; filaments short; anthers punctate dorsally, apex apiculate. Pistil as long as petals; ovary glabrous; ovules 15 to numerous, in 3 series. Fruit black, 4 (-8) mm in diam., pellucid punctate, obscurely longitudinally ribbed.
Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [Vietnam]








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