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千斤拔Flemingia prostrata

时间:2018-08-14 08:17来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):千斤拔 学名( Scientific Name ): Flemingia prostrata Roxb. f. ex Roxb. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 蔓千斤拔 异名( Synonym ): Flemingia philippinensis Merr. et Rolfe Maugh
中文名(Chinese Name):千斤拔
学名(Scientific Name):Flemingia prostrata Roxb. f. ex Roxb.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):蔓千斤拔
异名(Synonym):Flemingia philippinensis Merr. et Rolfe  Maughania philippinensis (Merr. & Rolfe) H.L. Li  Maughania prostrata (Roxb.) Mukerjee
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae千斤拔属
形态特征(Description):直立或披散亚灌木。幼枝三棱柱状,密被灰褐色短柔毛。叶具指状3小叶;托叶线状披针形,长约0.6-1厘米,有纵纹,被毛,先端细尖,宿存;叶柄长2-2.5厘米;小叶厚纸质,长椭圆形或卵状披针形,偏斜长4-7(-9)厘米,宽1.7-3厘米,先端钝,有时有小凸尖,基部圆形,上面被疏短柔毛,背面密被灰褐色柔毛;基出脉3,侧脉及网脉在上面多少凹陷,下面凸起,侧生小叶略小;小叶柄极短,密被短柔毛。总状花序腋生,通常长2-2.5厘米,各部密被灰褐色至灰白色柔毛;苞片狭卵状披针形;花密生,具短梗;萼裂片披针形,远较萼管长,被灰白色长伏毛;花冠紫红色,约与花萼等长,旗瓣长圆形,基部具极短瓣柄,两侧具不明显的耳,翼瓣镰状,基部具瓣柄及一侧具微耳,龙骨瓣椭圆状,略弯,基部具瓣柄,一侧具1尖耳;雄蕊二体;子房被毛。荚果椭圆状,长7-8毫米,宽约5毫米,被短柔毛;种子2颗,近圆球形,黑色。花、果期夏秋季。
分布(Distribution):产云南、四川、贵州、湖北、湖南、广西、广东、海南、江西、福建和台湾。常生于海拔50-300米的平地旷野或山坡路旁草地上。菲律宾亦有。
用途(Use):根供药用,有祛风除湿、舒筋活络、强筋壮骨、消炎止痛等作用。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 233, 237
Flemingia prostrata Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 338. 1832.
千斤拔 qian jin ba| Fabaceae  | Flemingia
Flemingia philippinensis Merrill & Rolfe; Maughania philippinensis (Merrill & Rolfe) H. L. Li; M. prostrata (Rox­burgh) Mukerjee.
Subshrubs, erect. Young branchlets trigonous-prismatic, densely pubescent. Leaves digitately 3-foliolate; stipules linear-lanceolate, 0.6-1 cm, hairy, deciduous; petiole 1.5-2.5 cm, densely pubescent; petiolules extremely short, densely pubes­cent; terminal leaflet oblong or ovate-lanceolate, 4-7 × 1.5-3 cm, thickly papery, sparsely pubescent, basal veins 3, base rounded, apex obtuse, sometimes with small mucro; lateral leaflets slightly smaller, oblique. Raceme axillary, usually 2-2.5 cm, densely pale villous; bracts narrowly ovate-lanceolate; pe­duncle short. Flowers clustered. Calyx lobes lanceolate, much longer than tube. Corolla purple, subequal to calyx; standard oblong, shortly clawed, inconspicuously auriculate; wings fal­cate, clawed, both auriculate; keel elliptic, slightly curved, clawed, with acute auricle on one side. Ovary hairy. Legume elliptic, 6-8 × 5-6 mm, pubescent, compressed. Seeds 2, black, suborbicular. Fl. Mar-Jun, fr. May-Oct.
Open fields, grasslands; below 100-300 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bangladesh, India, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Myanmar].
Flemingia prostrata is used medicinally.





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