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假木豆Dendrolobium triangulare

时间:2018-08-14 08:18来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):假木豆 学名( Scientific Name ): Dendrolobium triangulare (Retz.) Schindl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 野蚂蝗 异名( Synonym ): Hedysarum triangulare Retz. Meibomia cephal
中文名(Chinese Name):假木豆
学名(Scientific Name):Dendrolobium triangulare (Retz.) Schindl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):野蚂蝗
异名(Synonym):Hedysarum triangulare Retz.  Meibomia cephalotes Wall. ex Kuntze
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae假木豆属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-2米;嫩枝三棱形,密被灰白色丝状毛,老时变无毛。叶为三出羽状复叶;托叶披针形,长8-20毫米,外面密被灰白色丝状毛;叶柄长1-2.5厘米,具沟槽,被开展或贴伏丝状毛;小叶硬纸质,顶生小叶倒卵状长椭圆形,长7-15厘米,宽3-6厘米,先端渐尖,基部钝圆或宽楔形,侧生小叶略小,基部略偏斜,上面无毛,下面被长丝状毛,脉上毛尤密,侧脉每边10-17条,直,直达叶缘;小托叶钻形至狭三角形,长3-8毫米;小叶柄长0.5-1.5厘米,被开展或贴伏丝状毛。花序腋生,伞形花序有花20-30朵;苞片披针形,花梗不等长,密被贴伏丝状毛;花萼长5-9毫米,被贴伏丝状毛,萼筒长1.8-3毫米,下部1裂片与萼筒近等长,其余比萼筒稍短;花冠白色或淡黄色,长约9毫米,旗瓣宽椭圆形,具短瓣柄,冀瓣和龙骨瓣长圆形,基部具瓣柄;雄蕊长8-12毫米;雌蕊长7-14毫米,花柱长7-12毫米,子房被毛。荚果长2-2.5厘米,稍弯曲,有荚节3-6,被贴伏丝状毛;种子椭圆形,长2.5-3.5毫米,宽2-2.5毫米。花期8-10月,果期10-12月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、海南、广西、贵州、云南及台湾等省区。生于海拔100-1400米沟边荒草地或山坡灌丛中。东南亚等地也有。
用途(Use):根入药,有强筋骨之效。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 263, 264
Dendrolobium triangulare (Retzius) Schindler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 20: 279. 1924.
假木豆 jia mu dou| Fabaceae  | Dendrolobium
Hedysarum triangulare Retzius, Observ. Bot. 3: 40. 1783; Desmodium cephalotes (Roxburgh) Wight & Arnott; D. trian­gulare (Retzius) Merrill; H. cephalotes Roxburgh.
Shrubs, 1-2 m tall. Young shoots sharply triangular, densely gray sericeous. Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole 1-2.5 cm; terminal leaflet blade narrowly obovate-elliptic, 7-15 × 3-6 cm, lateral leaflets slightly smaller, abaxially long sericeous espe­cially on veins, adaxially glabrous, lateral veins 10-17 on each side of midvein, straight, reaching margin. Umbels 20-30-flow­ered. Pedicels not equal, densely appressed sericeous. Calyx 5-9 mm; tube 1.8-3 mm. Corolla white or pale yellow; standard broadly elliptic, shortly clawed; wings and keel oblong, base clawed. Stamens 0.8-1.2 cm. Pistil 0.7-1.4 cm; ovary densely pubescent; style 7-12 mm. Legume 2-2.5 cm, slightly arcuate, appressed sericeous, sessile, 3-6-jointed. Seed elliptic, 2.5-3.5 × 2-2.5 mm. Fl. Aug-Oct, fr. Oct-Dec. 2n = 22*.
Grassy riverbanks, thickets on mountain slopes; 100-1400 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa].
The roots are used medicinally to strengthen bones and build muscle.


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