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小雀花Campylotropis polyantha

时间:2018-08-14 08:22来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):小雀花 学名( Scientific Name ): Campylotropis polyantha (Franch.) Schindl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 多花胡枝子 异名( Synonym ): Campylotropis polyantha f. souliei (Sc
中文名(Chinese Name):小雀花
学名(Scientific Name):Campylotropis polyantha (Franch.) Schindl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):多花胡枝子
异名(Synonym):Campylotropis polyantha f. souliei (Schindl.) P. Y. Fu  Campylotropis polyantha f. macrophylla P. Y. Fu  Campylotropis polyantha var. tomentosa P. Y. Fu  Campylotropis tomentosipetiolata P. Y. Fu  Campylotropis reticulinervis C. Y. Wu  Campylotropis muehleana (Schindl.) Schindl.  Lespedeza blinii H. Lév.  Campylotropis souliei Schindl.  Campylotropis wangii Ricker  Lespedeza muehleana Schindl.  Lespedeza eriocarpa subvar var. polyantha (Franch.) Pamp.  Lespedeza eriocarpa var. chinensis Pamp.  Lespedeza eriocarpa var. polyantha Franch.  Lespedeza eriocarpa subvar. polyantha (Franch.) Pamp.
科属Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae杭子梢属
形态特征Description):灌木,多分枝,高(0.5-)1-2(-3)米。嫩枝有棱,被较疏或较密的短柔毛,老枝暗褐色或黑褐色,无毛或被较疏短柔毛。羽状复叶具3小叶;托叶狭三角形至披针形,稍渐尖至长渐尖,长2-4(-6)毫米;叶柄长6-25(-35)毫米,通常被短柔毛或长柔毛;小叶椭圆形至长圆形、椭圆状倒卵形至长圆状倒卵形或楔状倒卵形,长8-30(-40)毫米,宽4-15(-20)毫米,先端微缺、圆形或钝,具小凸尖,基部圆形或有时向基部渐狭呈宽楔形或近楔形,上面绿色,通常无毛,稀有短柔毛,脉明显,下面淡绿色,贴生或近贴生长柔毛或短柔毛,毛较疏生至密生,有时近于绢毛。总状花序腋生并常顶生形成圆锥花序,有时花序下无叶或腋出花序的叶发育较晚以致开花时形成无叶的圆锥花序,通常总状花序连同总花梗长2-13厘米,总花梗长0.2-5厘米,有时总状花序短缩并密集,形如花序分枝或类似簇生这状;苞片广卵形渐尖至披针形长渐尖,长(1)1.5-3毫米,通常早落,有时一部分较晚脱落或少数宿存;花梗长(3-)4-7(-9)毫米,密生开展的短柔毛或有时毛贴生;小苞片早落;花萼钟形或狭钟形,长3-4(-5)毫米,中裂或有时微深裂或微浅裂,密被近贴状的短柔毛,裂片近等长,上方裂片大部分合生,先端分离部分长0.3-0.7(-1)毫米;花冠粉红色、谈红紫色或近白色,长9-12毫米,龙骨瓣呈直角或钝角内弯,通常瓣片上部比瓣片下部(连瓣柄)短(0.5-)1-2毫米,少为短2-3毫米;子房被毛。荚果椭圆形或斜卵形,向两端渐狭,顶端渐尖,稀为宽椭圆形或近圆形、顶端具骤尖的,长(6-)7-9(-11)毫米,宽3-5毫米,顶端具0.2-1毫米长的喙尖,基部具1.3-2.3毫米长的果颈,被白色至棕色长柔毛或短柔毛,边缘密生纤毛。花、果期3-11(12)月。
分布(Distribution):产甘肃、四川、贵州、云南、西藏。多生于海拔1000-3000米山坡及向阳地的灌丛中。
用途(Use):根入药,能祛瘀、止痛、清热、利湿(云南种子植物名录)
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 292, 297, 299
Campylotropis polyantha (Franchet) Schindler, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 340. 1912.
小雀花 xiao que hua | Fabaceae  | Campylotropis
Shrubs, 1-2 m tall. Young branches appressed or as­cending hairy. Petiole 0.5-4 cm, appressed or ascending pubes­cent; stipels present at top of petioles, linear, 1-2 mm, some­times also present at top of rachis; leaflets oblong, obovate, or ovate to narrowly ovate, terminal one 1-4 × 0.5-2.5 cm, abaxi­ally ± densely appressed or ascending pubescent, adaxially gla­brous or sparsely pubescent, base obtuse or rounded, apex re­tuse and mucronulate. Racemes 2-13 cm; rachis and pedicels appressed or ascending pubescent mixed with glandular hairs. Pedicels 3-9 mm. Calyx ± densely shortly ascending hairy mixed with glandular hairs; tube 1.5-2.5 mm; lobes narrowly triangular, 1.3-2.5 mm. Corolla purple to pinkish white; stan­dard elliptic, 10-14 mm, obtuse at apex; wings 10-13 mm, clawed at base; keel incurved, 11.3-16.2 mm, clawed at base. Ovary 2.5-4 mm; style incurved, 7.5-9 mm. Legume obliquely ovoid to elliptic or obovoid, 6-11 × 3-5 mm, apex acute. Seeds pale brown, reniform, 2.5-3.6 × 1.6-2 mm.
● Mountain slopes, sunny thickets, rocky mountains, roadsides, grasslands, streamsides, waste grasslands, valleys, forest margins, for­ests; 400-3200 m. Guizhou, Sichuan, E Xizang, Yunnan.
 


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