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杭子梢Campylotropis macrocarpa

时间:2018-08-14 08:22来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):杭子梢 学名( Scientific Name ): Campylotropis macrocarpa (Bunge) Rehd. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 野棉花条 异名( Synonym ): Campylotropis macrocarpa f. lanceolata P. Y.
中文名(Chinese Name):杭子梢
学名(Scientific Name):Campylotropis macrocarpa (Bunge) Rehd.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):野棉花条
异名(Synonym):Campylotropis macrocarpa f. lanceolata P. Y. Fu  Campylotropis hersii Ricker  Campylotropis mortolana Ricker  Campylotropis smithii Ricker  Campylotropis gracilis Ricker  Campylotropis huberi Ricker  Campylotropis chinensis Bunge  Lespedeza rosthornii Schindl.  Lespedeza distincta L. H. Bailey  Lespedeza ciliata Benth.  Lespedeza ichangensis Schindl.  Campylotropis macrocarpa subsp. hengduanshanensis C. L. Chen  Campylotropis macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (Bunge)Rehder  Campylotropis hersi Ricker
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae杭子梢属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-2(3)米。小枝贴生或近贴生短或长柔毛,嫩枝毛密,少有具绒毛,老枝常无毛。羽状复叶具3小叶;托叶狭三角形、披针形或披针状钻形,长(2)3-6毫米;叶柄长(1)1.5-3.5厘米,稍密生短柔毛或长柔毛,少为毛少或无毛,枝上部(或中部)的叶柄常较短,有时长不及1厘米;小叶椭圆形或宽椭圆形,有时过渡为长圆形,长(2-)3-7厘米,宽1.5-3.5(-4)厘米,先端圆形、钝或微凹,具小凸尖,基部圆形,稀近楔形,上面通常无毛,脉明显,下面通常贴生或近贴生短柔毛或长柔毛,疏生至密生,中脉明显隆起,毛较密。总状花序单一(稀二)腋生并顶生,花序连总花梗长4-10厘米或有时更长,总花梗长1-4(-5)厘米,花序轴密生开展的短柔毛或微柔毛总花梗常斜生或贴生短柔毛,稀为具绒毛;苞片卵状披针形,长1.5-3毫米,早落或花后逐渐脱落,小苞片近线形或披针形,长1-1.5毫米,早落;花梗长(4-)6-12毫米,具开展的微柔毛或短柔毛,极稀贴生毛;花萼钟形,长3-4(-5)毫米,稍浅裂或近中裂,稀稍深裂或深裂,通常贴生短柔毛,萼裂片狭三角形或三角形,渐尖,下方萼裂片较狭长,上方萼裂片几乎全部合生或少有分离;花冠紫红色或近粉红色,长l0-12(-13)毫米,稀为长不及10毫米,旗瓣椭圆形、倒卵形或近长圆形等,近基部狭窄,瓣柄长0.9-1.6毫米,翼瓣微短于旗瓣或等长,龙骨瓣呈直角或微钝角内弯,瓣片上部通常比瓣片下部(连瓣柄)短1-3(3.5)毫米。荚果长圆形、近长圆形或椭圆形,长(9-)10-14(-16)毫米,宽(3.5-)4.5-5.5(-6)毫米,先端具短喙尖,果颈长1-1.4(-1.8)毫米,稀短于1毫米,无毛,具网脉,边缘生纤毛。花、果期(5-)6-10月。
分布(Distribution):产我国大部分省区,生于海拔150-1900米山坡、灌丛、林缘、山谷沟边及林中,稀达2000米以上。朝鲜也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 293, 298
Campylotropis macrocarpa (Bunge) Rehder in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 2: 113. 1914.
杭子梢 hang zi shao | Fabaceae  | Campylotropis
Shrubs, usually 1-2 m tall. Young branches appressed or ascending hairy. Petiole 1-5 cm, appressed or ascending pubes­cent; stipels absent, rarely rudimentarily present and linear on base of petiolule of lateral leaflet; leaflets oblong or ovate, rarely obovate, terminal one 1.2-6.5 × 0.7-3.7 cm, abaxially sparsely to densely ascending pubescent, adaxially glabrous or sparsely pubescent, base obtuse or rounded, apex retuse and mucronulate. Racemes 2.5-15 cm, sometimes paniculate; rachis and pedicels appressed or ascending pubescent mixed with glandular hairs. Pedicels 2-11 mm. Calyx ± densely appressed or ascending shortly hairy mixed with glandular hairs; tube 1.2-2 mm; lobes triangular, 0.8-3 mm. Corolla purple to pinkish white; standard elliptic, 11-12 mm, apex obtuse; wings 10-12 mm, clawed at base; keel incurved, 11.5-14.5 mm, clawed at base. Ovary 2.5-3 mm; style incurved, 8.5-9 mm. Legume obliquely obovoid to oblong, 9-15 × 3.5-6 mm, lateral surface glabrous or pubescent, apex acute. Seeds reddish brown, reni­form, 2.7-5 × 1.5-3 mm.
Mountain slopes, valleys, thickets, forest margins, streamsides, forests, open places; 100-2000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, ?Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Korea].
 


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