织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 灌木 >

金银忍冬Lonicera maackii

时间:2013-07-19 11:52来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 金银忍冬 学名( Scientific Name ): Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder 英文名( English Common Name ): Amur honeysuckle 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 金银木 异名( Synonym ): Caprifolium maackii (Rupr.) Kuntz







中文名(Chinese Name):金银忍冬
学名(Scientific Name):Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder
英文名(English Common Name):Amur honeysuckle
别名(Chinese Common Name):金银木
异名(Synonym):Caprifolium maackii (Rupr.) Kuntze;Lonicera maackii f. podocarpa Franch. ex Rehder;Lonicera maackii var. typica Nakai;Xylosteum maackii Rupr.
科属(Family & Genus):忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)忍冬属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木,高达6米,茎干直径达10厘米;凡幼枝、叶两面脉上、叶柄、苞片、小苞片及萼檐外面都被短柔毛和微腺毛。冬芽小,卵圆形,有5-6对或更多鳞片。叶纸质,形状变化较大,通常卵状椭圆形至卵状披针形,稀矩圆状披针形或倒卵状矩圆形,更少菱状矩圆形或圆卵形,长5-8厘米,顶端渐尖或长渐尖,基部宽楔形至圆形;叶柄长2-5 (-8) 毫米。花芳香,生于幼枝叶腋,总花梗长1-2毫米,短于叶柄;苞片条形,有时条状倒披针形而呈叶状,长3-6毫米;小苞片多少连合成对,长为萼筒的1/2至几相等,顶端截形;相邻两萼筒分离,长约2毫米,无毛或疏生微腺毛,萼檐钟状,为萼筒长的2/3至相等,干膜质,萼齿宽三角形或披针形,不相等,顶尖,裂隙约达萼檐之半;花冠先白色后变黄色,长 (1-) 2厘米,外被短伏毛或无毛,唇形,筒长约为唇瓣的1/2,内被柔毛;雄蕊与花柱长约达花冠的2/3,花丝中部以下和花柱均有向上的柔毛。果实暗红色,圆形,直径5-6毫米;种子具蜂窝状微小浅凹点。花期5-6月,果熟期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华北、华东、西北、华中、华南等部分省区,生于林中、林缘或灌丛中。朝鲜、日本及俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):茎皮可制人造棉。花可提取芳香油。种子榨成的油可制肥皂。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 621, 635
Lonicera maackii (Ruprecht) Maximowicz, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans. 9 [Prim. Fl. Amur.]: 136. 1859.
金银忍冬 jin yin ren dong| Caprifoliaceae  | Lonicera
Shrubs, deciduous, to 6 m tall; trunk to 10 cm in diam. Winter buds ovoid, with several pairs of scales; outer scales triangular, sparsely puberulent; inner scales accrescent, lanceolate, outside pubescent. Branches with pith becoming brown and later hollow. Branches and petioles spreading pubescent with interspersed minute glands. Petiole 2-9 mm; leaf blade green or purplish when young, usually ovate-lanceolate, 2.5-8 × 1.5-4 cm, abaxially sparsely strigose, adaxially sparsely pubescent or subglabrous, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin ciliate, apex acute to long acuminate. Inflorescence fragrant, axillary paired flowers; peduncle 1-3 mm, shorter than petioles; bracts linear, sometimes leaflike, 3-7 mm; bracteoles of each flower ± fused, green or purplish, ca. 1 mm, apex truncate and ciliate. Neighboring 2 ovaries free, glabrous or sparsely minutely glandular hairy. Calyx campanulate, 2-3 mm, scarious between lobes; lobes broadly triangular, unequal, apex acute. Corolla bilabiate, purplish, or white at first, later yellow, ca. 2 cm, outside shortly adpressed hairy or glabrous; tube 4-5 mm, shallowly gibbous toward base, inside puberulent or glabrous; upper lip 4-lobed; lower lip recurved. Stamens and style exserted from corolla tube; filaments and style with minute hairs below middle. Berries dark red, orbicular, 5-6 mm in diam.; seeds with minute shallow concave dots. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 18.
Forests, scrub; 100-1800(-3000) m. Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, ?Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, S Shanxi, NE Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, N Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Russia; introduced and invasive in North America].
Lonicera quinquelocularis Hardwicke has been cited in China (A. Henry 3853); it is possibly not distinct from L. maackii except for the translucent berries with dark colored seeds.
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(1)
33.3%
踩一下
(2)
66.7%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片