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长春花Catharanthus roseus

时间:2013-07-16 10:16来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):长春花 学名( Scientific Name ): Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G. Don 英文名( English Common Name ): Madagascar periwinkle 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 日日春、日日新 异名( Synonym ): Ammocallis rosea (L.








中文名(Chinese Name):长春花
学名(Scientific Name):Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G. Don
英文名(English Common Name):Madagascar periwinkle
别名(Chinese Common Name):日日春、日日新
异名(Synonym):Ammocallis rosea (L.) Small;Lochnera rosea var. flava Tsiang;Catharanthus roseus var. albus G. Don;Vinca rosea L.;Lochnera rosea var. alba (G. Don) Hubbard;Vinca rosea var. alba (G. Don) Sweet;Hottonia littoralis Lour.;Lachnea rosea (L.) Rchb.;Vinca rosea var. albiflora Bertol.
科属(Family & Genus):夹竹桃科(Apocynaceae)长春花属
形态特征(Description):半灌木,略有分枝,高达60厘米,有水液,全株无毛或仅有微毛;茎近方形,有条纹,灰绿色;节间长1-3.5厘米。叶膜质,倒卵状长圆形,长3-4厘米,宽1.5-2.5厘米,先端浑圆,有短尖头,基部广楔形至楔形,渐狭而成叶柄;叶脉在叶面扁平,在叶背略隆起,侧脉约8对。聚伞花序腋生或顶生,有花2-3朵;花萼5深裂,内面无腺体或腺体不明显,萼片披针形或钻状渐尖,长约3毫米;花冠红色,高脚碟状,花冠筒圆筒状,长约2.6厘米,内面具疏柔毛,喉部紧缩,具刚毛;花冠裂片宽倒卵形,长和宽约1.5厘米;雄蕊着生于花冠筒的上半部,但花药隐藏于花喉之内,与柱头离生;子房和花盘与属的特征相同。蓇葖双生,直立,平行或略叉开,长约2.5厘米,直径3毫米;外果皮厚纸质,有条纹,被柔毛;种子黑色,长圆状圆筒形,两端截形,具有颗粒状小瘤。花期、果期几乎全年。
分布(Distribution):原产非洲东部,现热带及亚热带地区广泛栽培。
用途(Use):植株含长春花硷,可药用,有降低血压之效;在国外有用来治白血病、淋巴肿瘤、肺癌、绒毛膜上皮癌、血癌和子宫癌等。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 157
Catharanthus roseus (Linnaeus) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 95. 1837.
长春花 chang chun hua  | Apocynaceae  | Catharanthus
Vinca rosea Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 944. 1759; Ammocallis rosea (Linnaeus) Small; Catharanthus roseus var. albus G. Don; Lochnera rosea (Linnaeus) Reichenbach ex Endlicher; L. rosea var. alba (G. Don) Hubbard; L. rosea var. flava Tsiang; Pervinca rosea (Linnaeus) Moench; V. rosea var. alba (G. Don) Sweet.
Subshrubs or perennial herbs to 1 m tall, erect or decumbent. Young stems puberulent. Leaves obovate or elliptic, 2.5-9 X 1-3.5 cm, herbaceous, apex minutely apiculate; lateral veins 7-11 pairs. Corolla red to pink or white and then mostly with a pink or less often yellow eye; tube 2.5-3 cm, pilose inside, throat villous; lobes broadly obovate, 1.2-2 cm. Follicles 2-3.8 cm X ca. 3 mm. Fl. spring-autumn. 2n = 16.
Fujian, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [native to Madagascar, cultivated or naturalized in all tropical countries]
Cultivated for medicine. Decoction of all parts is used in the treatment of malaria, skin diseases, Hodgkin's disease, diarrhea, hypertension, and diabetes.
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