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瓜子金Carissa carandas

时间:2018-06-25 16:42来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):瓜子金 学名( Scientific Name ): Carissa carandas L. 英文名( English Common Name ): karanda 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 刺黄果 异名( Synonym ): Damnacanthus esquirolii H. Lv.;Capparis carandas (L.) Bu






中文名(Chinese Name):瓜子金
学名(Scientific Name):Carissa carandas L.
英文名(English Common Name):karanda
别名(Chinese Common Name):刺黄果
异名(Synonym):Damnacanthus esquirolii H. Lév.;Capparis carandas (L.) Burm.f.;Carissa salicina Lam.;Echites spinosus Burm.f.;Jasminonerium carandas (L.) Kuntze;Jasminonerium salicinum (Lam.) Kuntze
科属(Family & Genus):夹竹桃科(Apocynaceae)假虎刺属
形态特征(Description):常绿灌木,具有不规则而弯曲的茎;枝腋内或腋间通常具分叉的刺,刺长达2.5厘米;茎皮灰色,无毛。叶革质,广卵形至近圆形,无毛,长3-4厘米,宽2-3.5厘米,先端具短尖头,基部圆形或钝;叶脉两面扁平,侧脉每边约8条,近边缘网结;叶柄长2-3毫米。聚伞花序顶生,稀腋生;总花梗短,长达1厘米,被短柔毛,通常着花3朵,白色或稍带玫瑰色,微香;花萼5深裂,裂片披针形,渐尖,反折,内面基部具腺体,萼片长3-7毫米,宽1.5-3毫米;花冠高脚碟状,花冠筒圆筒状,长达2厘米,内面被柔毛,顶端5裂,裂片向右覆盖,长约1厘米,宽约2毫米;雄蕊隐藏在花冠喉部内;子房无毛,2室,每室有胚珠多颗,花柱圆柱状,柱头钝,顶端2裂。浆果球形或椭圆形,长1.5-2.5厘米,直径1-2厘米,黑色;种子呈压扁状而内凹,长圆形。花期3-6月,果期7-12月。
分布(Distribution):广东、贵州和台湾等省栽培。印度、斯里兰卡、缅甸和印度尼西亚均有分布。模式标本采自印度。
用途(Use):本种刺长而锐利,可栽作围篱用。其果可生食,也可做糕饼馅及果酱等。
引自中国植物志英文版 
Carissa carandas Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 1: 52. 1767.
刺黄果 ci huang guo | Apocynaceae  | Carissa
Arduina carandas (Linnaeus) K. Schumann; Damna-canthus esquirolii H. Léveillé.
Shrubs, small trees, or climbers to 5 m tall. Spines simple or forked, to 5 cm. Leaf blade broadly ovate to oblong, 3-7 X 1.5-4 cm, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex short apiculate; lateral veins ca. 8 pairs, ascending, convergent, anastomosing near margin. Cymes terminal, usually 3-flowered; peduncle 1.5-2.5 cm; bracteoles minute. Flowers fragrant. Pedicel about as long as calyx or slightly longer. Sepals 2.5-7 mm, with many basal glands inside. Corolla white or pale rose; tube to 2 cm, puberulent inside; lobes lanceolate, ca. 1 cm, acute, overlapping to right, puberulent, ciliate. Ovules numerous in each locule. Berries reddish purple, ellipsoid, 1.5-2.5 X 1-2 cm. Fl. Mar-Jun, fr. Jul-Dec. 2n = 22.
Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Taiwan [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand]
Cultivated for its edible fruit, which can be eaten raw, made into jelly, or used for pies.
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(5)
83.3%
踩一下
(1)
16.7%
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