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蜘蛛香Valeriana jatamansi

时间:2013-11-10 10:14来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):蜘蛛香 学名( Scientific Name ): Valeriana jatamansi Jones 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 马蹄香 异名( Synonym ): Valeriana jatamansi var. glabra Merr. Valeriana jatamansi v
中文名(Chinese Name):蜘蛛香
学名(Scientific Name):Valeriana jatamansi Jones
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):马蹄香
异名(Synonym):Valeriana jatamansi var. glabra Merr.  Valeriana jatamansi var. hygrobia Hand.-Mazz.  Valeriana wallichii DC.  Valeriana harmsii Graebn.  Valeriana jatamansi var. frondosa Hand.-Mazz.  Valeriana mairei Briq.
科属(Family & Genus):败酱科(Valerianaceae)缬草属
形态特征Description):植株高20-70厘米;根茎粗厚,块柱状,节密,有浓烈香味;茎1至数株丛生。基生叶发达,叶片心状圆形至卵状心形,长2-9厘米,宽3-8厘米,边缘具疏浅波齿,被短毛或有时无毛,叶柄长为叶片的2-3倍;茎生叶不发达,每茎2对,有时3对,下部的心状圆形,近无柄,上部的常羽裂,无柄。花序为顶生的聚伞花序,苞片和小苞片长钻形,中肋明显,最上部的小苞片常与果实等长。花白色或微红色,杂性;雌花小,长1.5毫米,不育花药着生在极短的花丝上,位于花冠喉部;雌蕊伸长于花冠之外,柱头深3裂;两性花较大,长3-4毫米、雌雄蕊与花冠等长。瘦果长卵形,两面被毛。花期5-7月,果期6-9月。
分布(Distribution):产河南、陕西、湖南、湖北、四川、贵州、云南、西藏,生海拔2500米以下山顶草地、林中或溪边。印度也有分布。
用途(Use):药圃常有栽培,药用或、香料用。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 19 Page 666, 669 
Valeriana jatamansi W. Jones, Asiat. Res. 2: 416. 1790.
蜘蛛香 zhi zhu xiang| Valerianaceae  | Valeriana
Valeriana harmsii Graebner; V. jatamansi var. frondosa Handel-Mazzetti; V. jatamansi var. glabra Merrill; V. jatamansi var. hygrobia (Briquet) Handel-Mazzetti; V. hygrobia Briquet; V. mairei Briquet; V. wallichii Candolle; V. wallichii var. violifolia Franchet.
Plants 20-70 cm tall. Rhizomes short, robust, usually 0.5-2 cm in diam., nodes crowded; roots fibrous. Stems 1 to several, erect, glabrate to pubescent, more densely so at nodes. Basal leaves persistent, rosulate; petiole 4-10 cm; blade simple, cordate to cordate-ovate, 2-14 × 3-10 cm, hispidulous or glabrous, margin irregularly crenulate, crenate, or dentate, apex acute. Cauline leaves in 2 or 3 pairs, sessile or subsessile, 1-3 cm, simple or trifoliolate; lateral lobes reduced; terminal lobe ovate. Inflorescence corymbiform, villous at nodes; bracts subulate, margin scarious; bracteoles ca. as long as achenes. Corolla white or pinkish, funnelform; flowers polygamous; bisexual flowers 3-4 mm, female flowers ca. 1.5 mm. Stamens and style exserted. Achenes narrowly ovoid, 2-2.5 × 1-1.5 mm, both sides villous. Fl. (Apr-)May-Jul, fr. Jun-Sep. 2n = 16, 32.
Grassy slopes, forests, by streams; below 2500(-3100) m. Chongqing (Kaixian, Nanchuan), Gansu, Guizhou (Leishan, Zunyi), Henan (Xixia), W Hubei, Hunan (Longshan), Sichuan (Emei Shan), Xizang (Zayü), Yunnan [Bhutan, E and N India, Nepal, N Thailand, Vietnam].
 



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