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吐烟花Pellionia repens

时间:2013-11-10 10:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 吐烟花 学名( Scientific Name ): Pellionia repens (Lour.) Merr. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 花叶吐烟花 异名( Synonym ): Elatostema repens (Lour.) Hallier f. Elatostema r
中文名(Chinese Name):吐烟花
学名(Scientific Name):Pellionia repens (Lour.) Merr.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):花叶吐烟花
异名(Synonym):Elatostema repens (Lour.) Hallier f.  Elatostema repens var. pulchrum (N. E. Br.) H. Schroet.  Elatostema gibbosum Kurz  Pellionia pulchra N. E. Br.  Pellionia daveauanana N. E. Br.  Pellionia annamica Gagnep.  Polychroa repens Lour.  Elatostema pulchrum Haller f.  Pellionia daveauana var. viride N. E. Br.  Procris gibbosa Wall.  Elatostema repens var. viride (N. E. Br.) H. Schroet.  Elatostema daveauanum (N. E. Br.) Haller f.  Begonia daveauana Godefroy  Elatostema daveauana (N.E.Br.) Hallier f.  Pellionia daveauana N.E.Br.  Pellionia deveauana var. viridis N.E.Br.
科属Family & Genus):荨麻科(Urticaceae)赤车属
形态特征Description):多年生草本。茎肉质,平卧,长20-60厘米,在节处生根,常分枝,有稀疏短柔毛。叶具短柄;叶片斜长椭圆形或斜倒卵形,长1.8-7厘米,宽1.2-3.7厘米,顶端钝、微尖或圆形,基部在狭侧钝,在宽侧耳形,边缘有波状浅钝齿或近全缘,上面无毛,下面沿脉有短毛,钟乳体明显,密,长0.3-0.8毫米,半离基三出脉,侧脉在狭侧1-2条,在宽侧2-3条;叶柄长1.5-5毫米;托叶膜质,三角形,长4-8毫米,宽2-5毫米;退化叶小,卵形或近条形,长约1毫米。花序雌雄同株或异株。雄花序有长梗,宽0-6-3厘米;花序梗长2-11厘米,与花序分枝均有短伏毛;苞片三角形,长约1毫米。雄花:花被片5,宽椭圆形或椭圆形,长2-3毫米,下部合生,无毛;雄蕊5;退化雌蕊棒状,长约1毫米。雌花序无梗,直径约3毫米,有多数密集的花;苞片条状披针形,长约1毫米。雌花:花被片5,稍不等大,船状狭长圆形,长0.8-1毫米,夕卜面顶端之下有短突起,无毛;子房狭椭圆形,长约0.7毫米。瘦果有小瘤状突起。花期5-10月。
分布(Distribution):产云南南部及东南部、海南。生于山谷林中或石上阴湿处,海拔800-1 100米。越南、老挝、柬埔寨有分布。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 124   
Pellionia repens (Loureiro) Merrill, Lingnan Sci. J. 6(4): 326. 1928.
吐烟花 tu yan hua| Urticaceae  | Pellionia
Polychroa repens Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 559. 1790; Elatostema daveauanum (N. E. Brown) A. Haller; E. gibbosum Kurz; E. pulchrum A. Haller; E. repens (Loureiro) A. Haller; E. repens var. pulchrum (N. E. Brown) H. Schroeter; E. repens var. viride (N. E. Brown) H. Schroeter; Pellionia annamica Gagnepain; P. daveauana N. E. Brown; P. daveauana var. viridis N. E. Brown; P. pulchra N. E. Brown; Procris gibbosa Wallich.
Herbs perennial, monoecious or dioecious. Stems prostrate, usually branched, terete, pubescent or glabrescent. Leaves alternate; stipules triangular, 4-10 × 2-5 mm; petiole 1.5-5 mm; leaf blade papery, obliquely elliptic or obovate, 1.8-11 × 1.2-4.0 cm, major lateral veins asymmetric, one basal, the other arising above base, broader outer half auriculate, margin undulate, undulate-crenate or nearly entire, apex obtuse, rounded or hebetate; cystoliths conspicuous, dense; nanophylls ovate or nearly linear, ca. 1 mm. Staminate inflorescences 0.6-3 cm in diam., peduncle 2-14 cm; staminate flowers: tepals 5, broadly elliptic or elliptic; stamens 5; rudimentary pistil subulate. Pistillate inflorescences ca. 3 mm in diam., sessile; pistillate flowers: tepals 5. Achenes ovoid or ellipsoidal, tuberculate. Fl. May-Oct.
Valley forests, dark damp places on rocks; 800-1100 m. Hainan, Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].
 


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