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夏侧金盏花Adonis aestivalis

时间:2013-11-10 21:00来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 夏侧金盏花 学名 ( Scientific Name ): Adonis aestivalis L. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Adonis aestivalis var. citrina Hoffmann Adonis ambigua var. flav
中文名Chinese Name):夏侧金盏花
学名Scientific Name):Adonis aestivalis L.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Adonis aestivalis var. citrina Hoffmann  Adonis ambigua var. flavus Gaudin  Adonis ambigua Gaudin  Adonis annua var. phoeniceus L.  Adonis flava Vill.  Adonis inermis Stapf  Adonis inglisii Royle  Adonis linnaei Sennen  Adonis maculata var. miniata Wallr.  Adonis maculata var. ochroleuca Wallr.  Adonis maculata var. pallens Wallr.  Adonis micrantha DC.  Adonis bienertii Butkov ex Riedl.  Adonis crinita Hoffm.  Adonis cristata Stapf  Adonis aestivalis f. citrina (Hoffm.) Riedl  Adonis aestivalis subsp. cretica (Huth) C.Steinb.  Adonis aestivalis subsp. marginata C.H.Steinb. ex W.T.Wang  Adonis aestivalis var. velutina Lipsky  Adonis miniata Jacq.  Adonis polymorpha Zumagl.  Adonis scrobiculata subsp. velutina (Lipsky) C.H.Steinb. ex Rech.f.  Adonis squarrosa Steven  Cosmarium aestivale Dulac
科属Family & Genus):毛茛科Ranunculaceae侧金盏花属Adonis
形态特征Description):一年生草本。茎高10-20厘米,不分枝或分枝,下部有稀疏短柔毛。茎下部叶小,有长柄,长约3.5厘米,其他茎生叶无柄,长达6厘米,茎中部以上叶稍密集,二至三回羽状细裂,末回裂片线形或披针状线形,宽0.4-0.8毫米,无毛或叶片下部有疏柔毛。花单生茎顶端,无毛,在开花时围在茎近顶部的叶中;萼片约5,膜质,狭菱形或狭卵形,长约8毫米;花瓣约8,橙黄色,下部黑紫色,倒披针形,长约10毫米;花药宽椭圆形或近球形,长约0.8毫米;心皮多数,子房狭卵形,有1条背肋,顶部渐狭成短花柱。瘦果卵球形,长约3.5毫米,脉网隆起,有明显的背肋和腹肋。6月开花。
分布(Distribution):在我国产新疆西部(昭苏)。生田边草地。在亚洲西部、欧洲也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 6 Page 391   
Adonis aestivalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 1: 771. 1762.
夏侧金盏花 xia ce jin zhan hua | Ranunculaceae  | Adonis
Plants annual. Stems 10--20 cm tall, branched or unbranched, basally sparsely pubescent. Leaves long petiolate, clustered apically on stem; leaf blade ca. 3.5 cm, increasing in size upward on stem to 6 cm, glabrous or abaxially sparsely pubescent; upper stem leaves finely 2 or 3 × pinnately divided; ultimate segments linear to lanceolate-linear, 0.4--0.8 mm wide. Sepals 5, narrowly rhombic to narrowly ovate, membranous. Petals orange. Ovary narrowly ovoid with a dorsal ridge, apically narrowed. Achenes ovoid, ca. 3.5 mm, reticulate-veined, with conspicuous dorsal and ventral ridges. Fl. Jun.
Grassland by fields; 1000--2900. N Xinjiang, SW Xizang [Kashmir, Pakistan, Russia; SW Asia, Europe].
 


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