织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 草本花卉 >

穗花婆婆纳Veronica spicata

时间:2013-11-09 15:04来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 穗花婆婆纳 学名( Scientific Name ): Veronica spicata L. 英文名( English Common Name ): spiked speedwell 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 穗花 异名( Synonym ): Veronica spicata Linn. Pseudolysimachion porp
中文名(Chinese Name):穗花婆婆纳
学名(Scientific Name):Veronica spicata L.
英文名(English Common Name):spiked speedwell
别名(Chinese Common Name):穗花
异名(Synonym):Veronica spicata Linn.  Pseudolysimachion porphyrianum (Pavlov) Holub  Veronica porphyriana Pavlov  Veronica spicata subsp. porphyriana (Pavlov) Elenevsky  Pseudolysimachion spicatum subsp. hybridum Holub  Veronica hybrida L.
科属(Family & Genus):玄参科(Scrophulariaceae)婆婆纳属
形态特征(Description):茎单生或数支丛生,直立或上升,高15-50厘米,不分枝,下部常密生伸直的白色长毛,少混生粘质腺毛,上部至花序各部密生粘质腺毛,茎常灰色或灰绿色。叶对生,茎基部的常密集聚生,有长达2.5厘米的叶柄,叶片长矩圆形,长2-8厘米,宽0.5-3厘米;中部的叶为椭圆形至披针形,顶端急尖,无柄或有较短的柄;上部的叶小得多,有时互生,全部叶边缘具圆齿或锯齿,少全缘的,到处生粘质腺毛,少有毛极疏的。花序长穗状;花梗几乎没有;花萼长2.5-3.5毫米;花冠紫色或蓝色,长6-7毫米,筒部占1/3长,裂片稍开展,后方一枚卵状披针形,其余3枚披针形;雄蕊略伸出。幼果球状矩圆形,上半部被多细胞长腺毛。花期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产新疆西北部,欧洲至俄罗斯西伯利亚和中亚地区也有。生海拔2500米以下草原和针叶林带内。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 18 Page 63     
Pseudolysimachion spicatum (Linnaeus) Opiz, Seznam. 80. 1852.
穗花 sui hua| Scrophulariaceae  | Pseudolysimachion
Veronica spicata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 10. 1753; V. porphyriana Pavlov; V. spicata subsp. porphyriana (Pavlov) Elenevsky.
Stems often gray or gray-green, erect or ascending, 1 or several and cespitose, 15-50 cm tall, simple, densely villous hairy, rarely basally mixed with glutinous glandular hairs, apically densely with viscid glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, often more crowded at stem base; petiole of lower leaves ca. 2.5 cm, shorter to subsessile on upper leaves; leaf blade oblong to lanceolate, 2-8 X 0.5-3 cm, smaller upward, sparsely to densely with viscid glandular hairs, margin entire or crenate. Inflorescences densely with viscid glandular hairs. Flowers subsessile. Calyx 2.5-3.5 mm. Corolla purple, blue, or rarely white, 6-7 mm; tube ca. 1/3 of corolla length; lobes slightly patent, upper lobe ovate-lanceolate and other 3 lobes lanceolate. Stamens slightly exserted. Young capsule oblong-globose, with multicellular glandular hairs. Fl. Jul-Sep. 2n = 34, 64, 68, 70.
Meadows, coniferous forests; below 2500 m. NW Xinjiang [Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia; Europe].
 




(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(6)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片