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四季报春Primula obconica

时间:2018-06-25 15:00来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):四季报春 学名( Scientific Name ): Primula obconica Hance 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 鄂报春 异名( Synonym ): Primula obconica subsp. petitmenginii (Bonati) W. W. Sm. et
中文名(Chinese Name):四季报春
学名(Scientific Name):Primula obconica Hance
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):鄂报春
异名(Synonym):Primula obconica subsp. petitmenginii (Bonati) W. W. Sm. et Forrest  Primula poculiformis Hook. f.  Primula bonatii R. Knuth  Primula petitmenginii Bonati  Primula obconica var. glabrescens Franch.  Primula obconica var. hispida Franch.
科属(Family & Genus):报春花科(Primulaceae)报春花属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。根状茎粗短或有时伸长,向下发出棕褐色长根。叶卵圆形、椭圆形或矩圆形,长3-14(17)厘米,宽2.5-11厘米,先端圆形,基部心形或有时圆形,边缘近全缘具小牙齿或呈浅波状而具圆齿状裂片,干时纸质或近膜质,上面近于无毛或被毛,毛极短,呈小刚毛状或为多细胞柔毛,下面沿叶脉被多细胞柔毛,其余部分无毛或疏被柔毛,中肋及4-6对侧脉在下面显著;叶柄长3-14厘米,被白色或褐色的多细胞柔毛,基部增宽,多少呈鞘状。花葶1至多枚自叶丛中抽出,高6-28厘米,被毛同叶柄,但通常较稀疏;伞形花序2-13花,在栽培条件下可出现第二轮花序;苞片线形至线状披针形,长5-10毫米,被柔毛;花梗长5-20(25)毫米,被柔毛;花萼杯状或阔钟状,长5-10毫米,具5脉,外面被柔毛,通常基部毛较长且稍密,5浅裂,裂片长0.5-2毫米,阔三角形或半圆形而具小骤尖头,花冠玫瑰红色,稀白色,冠筒长于花萼0.5-1倍,喉部具环状附属物,冠檐直径1.5-2.5厘米,裂片倒卵形,先端2裂;花异型或同型,长花柱花:雄蕊靠近冠筒基部着生,花柱长近达冠筒口;短花柱花:雄蕊着生于冠筒中上部,花柱长2-2.5毫米;同型花:雄蕊着生处和花柱长均近达冠筒口。蒴果球形,直径约3.5毫米。花期3-6月。
分布(Distribution):产云南、四川、贵州、湖北、湖南、广西、广东和江西,生长于海拔500-2200米林下、水沟边和湿润岩石上。本种现在世界各地广泛栽培。
用途(Use):本种现在世界各地广泛栽培,为常见的盆栽花卉。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 118
Primula obconica Hance, J. Bot. 18: 234. 1880.
鄂报春 e bao chun| Primulaceae  | Primula
Herbs perennial. Leaves forming a rosette; petiole 1.5--14 cm, with white or tawny multicellular hairs; leaf blade ovate-rotund to elliptic or oblong, (1.5--)3--14(--17) X (1--)2.5--11 cm, abaxially glabrous or sparsely pilose, especially along veins, adaxially glabrescent, puberulous or short pilose, base cordate or occasionally rounded, margin nearly entire, repand or sinuate-lobulate, apex rounded. Scapes longer or shorter than leaf rosette, with white or tawny, multicellular hairs; umbel solitary, 2--13-flowered; bracts linear to linear-lanceolate, 3--10 mm. Pedicel (1.5--)5--20(--25) cm, pubescent. Flowers heterostylous or homostylous. Calyx cup-shaped to broadly campanulate, puberulous or short pilose, parted to 1/4--1/3; lobes broadly triangular, ciliate, apex hydathode-apiculate. Corolla pink to lavender-rose, rarely white; tube ca. 2 X as long as calyx; limb 1.5--2.5 cm wide; lobes broadly obovate emarginate. Pin flowers: stamens near base of corolla tube; style nearly reaching tube mouth. Thrum flowers: stamens at middle of tube; style 2--2.5 mm. Homostylous flowers with stamens near tube apex; style reaching stamens. Capsule unknown. 2n = 22@, 62@.
  • Thickets, forests, on rocks in mountain woods, dry limestone cliffs; 500--3300 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan.
 




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