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红花蕉 Musa coccinea

时间:2013-10-18 13:05来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):红花蕉 学名( Scientific Name ): Musa coccinea Andr. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 芭蕉红、红蕉 异名( Synonym ): Musa uranoscopus Seem. Quesnelia lamarckii Baker 科属( Fam
中文名(Chinese Name):红花蕉
学名(Scientific Name):Musa coccinea Andr.  
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):芭蕉红、红蕉
异名(Synonym):Musa uranoscopus Seem.  Quesnelia lamarckii Baker 
 
科属(Family & Genus):芭蕉科(Musaceae)芭蕉属
形态特征(Description):假茎高1-2米。叶片长圆形,长1.8-2.2米,宽68-80厘米,叶面黄绿色,叶背淡黄绿色,无白粉,基部显著不相等,浑圆而无耳;叶柄长30-50厘米,有张开的窄翼。花序直立,序轴无毛,苞片外面鲜红而美丽,内面粉红色,皱折明显,每一苞片内有花一列,约6朵;雄花花被片乳黄色,合生花被片具5 (3+2) 齿裂,二侧裂片具角,离生花被片先端尖且具细齿,与合生花被片几等长。浆果果身直,在序轴上斜向下垂,灰白色,无棱,长10-12厘米,直径约4厘米,果柄长3-3.5厘米,果内种子极多。
分布(Distribution):产云南;散生于海拔600米以下的沟谷及水分条件良好的山坡上。越南亦有分布。
用途(Use):植株细瘦,花苞殷红如炬,十分美丽,可作庭园布置用绿化材料。果实、花、嫩心及根头有毒,不能食用。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 316
Musa coccinea Andrews, Bot. Repos. 1: t. 47. 1799.
红蕉 hong jiao| Musaceae  | Musa
Musa uranoscopos Loureiro.
Pseudostems 1--2 m. Petiole 30--50 cm, narrowly winged; leaf blade adaxially yellow-green, abaxially light yellow-green and not pruinose, oblong, 1.8--2.2 m × 70--80 cm, base rounded, noticeably asymmetric. Inflorescence erect; rachis glabrous. Bracts adaxially pink, abaxially scarlet and conspicuously wrinkled. Flowers 6 per bract, in 1 row. Tepals of female flowers yellow; outer lobes of compound tepal cornered; free tepal equaling compound tepal, apex acute, finely toothed. Berries obliquely pendulous on rachis, gray-white, straight, 10--12 × ca. 4 cm, not angled; stalk 3--3.5 cm. Seeds numerous. Fl. Sep--Nov. 2 n = 20.
Ravines and slopes, also cultivated in gardens; near sea level to 600 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, SE Yunnan [Vietnam].
Cultivated as an ornamental.


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