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箭叶秋葵Abelmoschus sagittifolius

时间:2013-10-16 18:15来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):箭叶秋葵 学名( Scientific Name ): Abelmoschus sagittifolius (Kurz) Merr. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 五指山参、小红芙蓉 异名( Synonym ): Abelmoschus coccineus S. Y. Hu A
中文名(Chinese Name):箭叶秋葵
学名(Scientific Name):Abelmoschus sagittifolius (Kurz) Merr.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):五指山参、小红芙蓉
异名(Synonym):Abelmoschus coccineus S. Y. Hu  Abelmoschus coccineus var. acerifolius S. Y. Hu  Abelmoschus esquirolii (H. Lév.) S. Y. Hu  Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. tuberosus (Span.) Borss. Waalk.  Hibiscus esquirolii H. Lév.  Hibiscus bodinieri var. brevicalyculata H. Lév.  Hibiscus longifolius var. tuberosus Span.  Hibiscus bellicosus H. Lév.  Hibiscus sagittifolius Kurz  Hibiscus sagittifolius var. septentrionalis Gagnep.  Abelmoschus sagittifolius var. septentrionalis (Gagnep.) Merrill.
科属(Family & Genus):锦葵科(Malvaceae)秋葵属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,高40-100厘米,具萝卜状肉质根,小枝被糙硬长毛。叶形多样,下部的叶卵形,中部以上的叶卵状戟形、箭形至掌状3-5浅裂或深裂,裂片阔卵形至阔披针形,长3-10厘米,先端钝,基部心形或戟形,边缘具锯齿或缺刻,上面疏被刺毛,下面被长硬毛;叶柄长4-8厘米,疏被长硬毛。花单生于叶腋,花梗纤细,长4-7厘米,密被糙硬毛;小苞片6-12,线形,宽1-1.7毫米,长约1.5厘米,疏被长硬毛;花萼佛焰苞状,长约7毫米,先端具5齿,密被细绒毛;花红色或黄色,直径4-5厘米,花瓣倒卵状长圆形,长3-4厘米;雄蕊柱长约2厘米,平滑无毛;花柱枝5,柱头扁平。蒴果椭圆形,4长约3厘米,直径约2厘米,被刺毛,具短喙;种子肾形,具腺状条纹。花期5-9月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西、贵州、云南等省区,常见于低丘、草坡、旷地、稀疏松林下或干燥的瘠地。越南、老挝、柬埔寨、泰国、缅甸、印度、马来西亚及澳大利亚等国也有。
用途(Use):根入药,治胃痛、神经衰弱,外用作祛瘀消肿、跌打扭伤和接骨药。越南北部以根作止痢和滋补剂。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 284, 285
Abelmoschus sagittifolius (Kurz) Merrill, Lingnaam Agric. Rev. 2: 40. 1924.
剑叶秋葵 jian ye qiu kui| Malvaceae  | Abelmoschus
Hibiscus sagittifolius Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 40: 46. 1871; Abelmoschus coccineus S. Y. Hu; A. coccineus var. acerifolius S. Y. Hu; A. esquirolii (H. Léveillé) S. Y. Hu; A. moschatus Medikus subsp. tuberosus (Spanoghe) Borssum Waalkes; A. sagittifolius var. septentrionalis (Gagnepain) Merrill; H. bellicosus H. Léveillé; H. bodinieri H. Léveillé var. brevicalyculatus H. Léveillé; H. esquirolii H. Léveillé; H. longifolius Willdenow var. tuberosus Spanoghe; H. sagittifolius var. septentrionalis Gagnepain.
Herbs perennial, 0.4-1(-2) m tall, most parts densely pubescent, sometimes also setose or stellate hairy; rootstock fleshy, radish-shaped, to 5 cm thick. Branchlets scabrous and hirsute with long hairs. Petiole 4-8 cm, sparsely long hirsute; leaf blades variable; blades on proximal part of stem ovate, those on middle and distal parts ovate-hastate, sagittate, or palmately 3-5-lobed or -parted, lobes broadly ovate or broadly lanceolate, 3-10 cm, abaxially long hirsute, adaxially sparsely spiny, base cordate or hastate, margin serrate or lobed, apex obtuse. Flowers solitary, axillary. Pedicel slender, 4-7 cm, densely scabrous hirsute. Epicalyx lobes 6-12, filiform, ca. 15 × 1-1.7 mm, sparsely hirsute, spreading or reflexed. Calyx spatulate, ca. 7 mm, apex 5-toothed, densely minutely puberulent. Corolla mostly white or pale yellow to dark pink, 4-5 cm in diam.; petals obovate-oblong, 3-4 cm. Staminal column ca. 2 cm, glabrous. Style branches 5; stigma flat. Capsule ellipsoid, ca. 3 × 2 cm, spiny, shortly beaked. Seeds reniform, glandularly reticulately striate. Fl. May-Sep.
Open Pinus forests, hills, grassy slopes, wastelands. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia].
This species is grown as an ornamental.


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