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蝙蝠草Christia vespertilionis

时间:2018-08-14 08:45来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):蝙蝠草 学名( Scientific Name ): Christia vespertilionis (L.f.) Bakh.f. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 飞机草 异名( Synonym ): Hedysarum vespertilionis L. f. Lourea vesperti
中文名(Chinese Name):蝙蝠草
学名(Scientific Name):Christia vespertilionis (L.f.) Bakh.f.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):飞机草
异名(Synonym):Hedysarum vespertilionis L. f.  Lourea vespertilionis (L. f.) Desv.  Christia lunata Moench  Christa vespertilionis (L.f.)Bakh.f.
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae蝙蝠草属
形态特征(Description):多年生直立草本,高60-120厘米。常由基部开始分枝,技较纤细,上部略被灰色柔毛。叶通常为单小叶,稀有3小叶;托叶刺毛状,长5-6毫米,脱落;叶柄长2-2.5厘米,被稀疏短柔毛;小叶近革质,灰绿色,顶生小叶菱形或长菱形或元宝形,长0.8-1.5厘米,宽5-9厘米,先端宽而截平,近中央处稍凹,基部略呈心形,侧生小叶倒心形或倒三角形,两侧常不对称,长8-15毫米,宽15-20毫米,先端截平,基部楔形或近圆形,上面无毛,下面稍被短柔毛,侧脉每边3-4条,平展,网脉在下面不明显;小叶柄长1毫米。总状花序顶生或腋生,有时组成圆锥花序,长5-15厘米,被短柔毛;花梗长2-4毫米,被灰色短柔毛,较萼短;花萼半透明,被柔毛,花后增大,长8-12毫米,网脉明显,5裂,裂片三角形,约与萼筒等长,上部2裂片稍合生;花冠黄白色,不伸出萼外。荚果有荚节4-5,椭圆形,荚节长3毫米,宽2毫米,成熟后黑褐色,有网纹,无毛,完全藏于萼内。花期3-5月,果期10-12月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、海南、广西。多生于旷野草地、灌丛中、路旁及海边地区。全世界热带地区均有分布。
用途(Use):全草供药用,治肺结核、虫蛇咬伤;叶外敷为跌打接骨药。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 289
Christia vespertilionis (Linnaeus f.) Bakhuizen f. ex Meeu­wen, Reinwardtia. 6: 90. 1961.
蝙蝠草 bian fu cao | Fabaceae  | Christia
Hedysarum vespertilionis Linnaeus f., Suppl. Pl. 331. 1782; Lourea vespertilionis (Linnaeus f.) Desvaux.
Herbs, perennial, erect, 60-120 cm tall. Leaves usually 1-foliolate, rarely 3-foliolate; petiole 2-2.5 cm, pilose; terminal leaflet blade rhombic or narrowly rhombic, 0.8-1.5 × 5-9 cm, base slightly cordate, apex broad and truncate or slightly emar­ginate; lateral ones obcordate or obtriangular, usually inequi­lateral, 0.8-1.5 × 1.5-2 cm, lateral veins 3 or 4 on each side of midvein, abaxially pilose, adaxially glabrous, base cuneate or nearly rounded, apex truncate. Inflorescences 5-15 cm, pubes­cent. Pedicel 2-4 mm, gray pubescent. Calyx half-hyaline, ac­crescent, 0.8-1.2 cm, reticulate veined, pubescent; lobes tri­angular, ca. as long as tube, upper 2 slightly connate. Corolla yellowish white, not exserted, ca. 6 mm. Legume 4- or 5-jointed; articles blackish brown at maturity, ca. 3 × 2 mm, reticulate veined, glabrous, wholly enclosed by calyx. Fl. Mar-May, fl. Oct-Dec.
Open grasslands, thickets, roadsides, seasides. Guangdong, Guang­xi, Hainan [widespread in all tropical regions].
The whole plant is used medicinally for treating tuberculosis and snake bites. The leaves are used as a topical treatment for healing bone fractures.






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