铃兰Convallaria majalis

中文名(Chinese Name):铃兰
学名(Scientific Name):Convallaria majalis L.
英文名(English Common Name):European lily of the valley
别名(Chinese Common Name):君影草
异名(Synonym):Convallaria keiskei Miq.  Convallaria majalis var. manshurica Kom.  Lilium convallium Garsault  Lilium-convallium majale (L.) Moench  Polygonatum majale (L.) All.  Convallaria fragrans Salisb.  Convallaria linnaei Gaertn.  Convallaria mappii C.C.Gmel.  Convallaria scaposa Gilib.  Convallaria transcaucasica Utkin ex Grossh.  Convallaria majalis f. abchasica Ponert  Convallaria majalis f. angustifolia Zapal.  Convallaria majalis var. laminaris F.Rosen  Convallaria majalis f. laminaris (F.Rosen) Ponert  Convallaria majalis convar. latifolia (Mill.) Ponert  Convallaria majalis f. latifrons Ponert  Convallaria majalis f. latior Zapal.  Convallaria majalis f. mappii (C.C.Gmel.) Ponert  Convallaria majalis f. picta Wilczek  Convallaria majalis var. prolificans Wittm.  Convallaria majalis var. rosea Rchb.  Convallaria majalis convar. silvaticoides Ponert  Convallaria majalis var. transcaucasica (Utkin ex Grossh.) Knorring  Convallaria majalis var. bracteosa Rchb.  Convallaria majalis var. latifolia (Mill.) Asch. & Graebn.  Convallaria majalis var. rubra auct.  Convallaria majalis var. variegata Lowe  Convallaria majalis subf. picta Zapal.  Convallaria majalis subsp. transcaucasica (Utkin ex Grossh.) Bordz.  Convallaria majalis f. prolificans (Wittm.) Voss 
科属Family & Genus):百合科(Liliaceae)铃兰属
形态特征Description):植株全部无毛,高18-30厘米,常成片生长。叶椭圆形或卵状披针形,长7-20厘米,宽3-8.5厘米,先端近急尖,基部楔形;叶柄长8-20厘米。花葶高15-30厘米,稍外弯;苞片披针形,短于花梗;花梗长6-15毫米,近顶端有关节,果熟时从关节处脱落;花白色,长宽各5-7毫米;裂片卵状三角形,先端锐尖,有1脉;花丝稍短于花药,向基部扩大,花药近矩圆形;花柱柱状,长2.5-3毫米。浆果直径6-12毫米,熟后红色,稍下垂。种子扁圆形或双凸状,表面有细网纹,直径3毫米。花期5-6月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华北、河南、陕西、甘肃、宁夏、浙江和湖南。生海拔850-2500米阴坡林下潮湿处或沟边。朝鲜、日本至欧洲、北美洲也常见。
用途(Use):带花全草供药用,有强心利尿之效。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 235
Convallaria majalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 314. 1753.
铃兰 ling lan | Liliaceae  | Convallaria
Convallaria keiskei Miquel; C. keiskei var. trifolia Y. C. Chu et al.; C. majalis var. manshurica Komarov.
Plants 18--30 cm tall, glabrous. Petiole 8--20 cm; leaf blade abaxially glaucescent, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, 7--20 × 3--8.5 cm, base cuneate, apex subacute to acuminate. Scape slightly arching, 15--30 cm. Bracts lanceolate, 3--6 mm, much shorter than pedicel. Pedicel slightly curved, 0.6--1.5 cm, articulate apically. Perianth white, 5--7 × 5--7 mm; lobes ovate-deltoid, ca. 2 × 2 mm, 1-veined, apex obtuse. Stamens ca. 4 mm; filaments widened gradually toward base; anthers suboblong. Style columnar, 2.5--3 mm. Berry red at maturity, globose, 6--12 mm in diam. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Jul--Sep. 2 n = 38*.
Moist places in forests, shady hillsides along ravines; 800--2500 m. Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Myanmar, Russia; Europe, North America].
铃兰Convallaria majalis

铃兰Convallaria majalis

铃兰Convallaria majalis
(责任编辑:徐晔春)

顶一下[12]

踩一下[1]