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一串红Salvia splendens

时间:2013-09-25 11:55来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):一串红 学名( Scientific Name ): Salvia splendens Sellow ex Roem. Schult. 英文名( English Common Name ): scarlet sage 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 墙下红 异名( Synonym ): Fenixanthes splendens (Sellow e
中文名(Chinese Name):一串红
学名(Scientific Name):Salvia splendens Sellow ex Roem. & Schult.
英文名(English Common Name):scarlet sage
别名(Chinese Common Name):墙下红
异名(Synonym):Fenixanthes splendens (Sellow ex Roem. & Schult.) Raf.  Jungia splendens (Sellow ex Roem. & Schult.) Soják  Salvia brasiliensis Spreng.  Salvia colorans Benth.  Salvia issanchou auct.
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)鼠尾草属
形态特征(Description):亚灌木状草本,高可达90厘米。茎钝四稜形,具浅槽,无毛。叶卵圆形或三角状卵圆形,长2.5-7厘米,宽2-4.5厘米,先端渐尖,基部截形或圆形,稀钝,边缘具锯齿,上面绿色,下面较淡,两面无毛,下面具腺点;茎生叶叶柄长3-4.5厘米,无毛。轮伞花序2-6花,组成顶生总状花序,花序长达20厘米或以上;苞片卵圆形,红色,大,在花开前包裹着花蕾,先端尾状渐尖;花梗长4-7毫米,密被染红的具腺柔毛,花序轴被微柔毛。花萼钟形,红色,开花时长约1.6厘米,花后增大达2厘米,外面沿脉上被染红的具腺柔毛,内面在上半部被微硬伏毛,二唇形,唇裂达花萼长1/3,上唇三角状卵圆形,长5-6毫米,宽10毫米,先端具小尖头,下唇比上唇略长,深2裂,裂片三角形,先端渐尖。花冠红色,长4-4.2厘米,外被微柔毛,内面无毛,冠筒筒状,直伸,在喉部略增大,冠檐二唇形,上唇直伸,略内弯,长圆形,长8-9毫米,宽约4毫米,先端微缺,下唇比上唇短,3裂,中裂片半圆形,侧裂片长卵圆形,比中裂片长。能育雄蕊2,近外伸,花丝长约5毫米,药隔长约1.3厘米,近伸直,上下臂近等长,上臂药室发育,下臂药室不育,下臂粗大,不联合。退化雄蕊短小。花柱与花冠近相等,先端不相等2裂,前裂片较长。花盘等大。小坚果椭圆形,长约3.5毫米,暗褐色,顶端具不规则极少数的绉折突起,边缘或稜具狭翅,光滑。花期3-10月。
分布(Distribution):原产巴西,我国各地庭园中广泛栽培。
用途(Use):原产巴西,我国各地庭园中广泛栽培,作观赏用,本种为一美丽的盆栽花卉,
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 217
Salvia splendens Ker Gawler, Bot. Reg. 8: t. 687. 1822.
一串红 yi chuan hong| Lamiaceae  | Salvia
Herbs suffruticose, to 90 cm tall. Petiole 3-4.5 cm, glabrous; leaf blade ovate to triangular-ovate, 2.5-7 × 2-4.5 cm, glabrous, abaxially glandular, base truncate or ± rounded, margin serrate, apex acuminate. Verticillasters 2-6-flowered, in racemes to 20 cm; bracts ovate, red, enveloping flowers in bud, apex caudate-acuminate. Pedicel 4-7 mm, red glandular villous. Calyx red, campanulate, ca. 1.6 cm in flower, dilated to 2 cm after anthesis, red glandular, veins villous, 2-lipped to ca. 1/3 its length; upper lip triangular-ovate, 5-6 × 10 mm, apex mucronate; lower lip slightly longer than upper, deeply 2-toothed, teeth triangular. Corolla scarlet, 4-4.2 cm, pubescent; tube slightly dilated at throat; upper lip straight, somewhat concave, oblong, 8-9 × ca. 4 mm; lower lip shorter than upper. Filaments ca. 5 mm; connectives ca. 1.3 cm. Nutlets dark brown, ellipsoid, ca. 3.5 mm, apex irregularly pleated, margin (or midvein) narrowly winged. Fl. Mar-Oct.
Cultivated in China [South America]
The corolla is purple or even white in different varieties.







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