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溪黄草Rabdosia serra

时间:2013-09-25 11:12来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):溪黄草 学名( Scientific Name ): Rabdosia serra (Maxim.) Kudo 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 溪沟草、大叶蛇总管 异名( Synonym ): Rabdosia serra (Maxim.) Hara Plectranthus se
中文名(Chinese Name):溪黄草
学名(Scientific Name):Rabdosia serra (Maxim.) Kudo
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):溪沟草、大叶蛇总管
异名(Synonym):Rabdosia serra (Maxim.) Hara  Plectranthus serra Maxim.  Amethystanthus serra (Maxim.) Nemoto  Amethystanthus lasiocarpus var. brevistaminfer Masam.  Amethystanthus lasiocarpus (Hayata) Nemoto  Isodon lasiocarpus (Hayata) Kud?  Plectranthus lasiocarpus Hayata  Rabdosia lasiocarpa (Hayata) H.Hara
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)香茶菜属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本;根茎肥大,粗壮,有时呈疙瘩状,向下密生纤细的须根。茎直立,高达1.5(2)米,钝四棱形,具四浅槽,有细条纹,带紫色,基部木质,近无毛,向上密被倒向微柔毛;上部多分枝。茎叶对生,卵圆形或卵圆状披针形或披针形,长3.5-10厘米,宽1.5-4.5厘米,先端近渐尖,基部楔形,边缘具粗大内弯的锯齿,草质,上面暗绿色,下面淡绿色,两面仅脉.上密被微柔毛,余部无毛,散布淡黄色腺点,侧脉每侧4-55与中脉在两面微隆起,在边缘之内网结,其间平行细脉多少明显;叶柄长0.5-3.5厘米,上部具渐宽大的翅,腹凹背凸,密被微柔毛。圆锥花序生于茎及分枝顶上,长10-20厘米,下部常分枝,因而植株上部全体组成庞大疏松的圆锥花序,圆锥了毛序由具5至多花的聚伞花序组成,聚伞花序具梗,总梗长0.-5-1.5厘米,花梗长1-3毫米,总梗、花梗与序轴均密被微柔毛;苞叶在下部者叶状,具短柄,长超过聚伞花序,向上渐变小呈苞片状,披针形至线状披针形,长约与总梗相等,苞片及小苞片细小,长1-3毫米,被微柔毛。花萼钟形,长约1.5毫米,外密被灰白微柔毛,其间夹有腺点,内面无毛,萼齿5,长三角形,近等大,长约为萼长之半,果时花萼增大,呈阔钟形,基部多少呈壶状,长约3毫米,脉纹明显。花冠紫色,长达6毫米,外被短柔毛,内面无毛,冠筒长约3毫米,基部上方浅囊状,至喉部宽约1.2毫米,冠檐二唇形,上唇外反,长约2毫米,先端具相等4圆裂,下唇阔卵圆形,长约3毫米,内凹。雄蕊4,内藏。花柱丝状,内藏,先端相等2浅裂。花盘环状。成熟小坚果阔卵圆形,长1.5毫米,顶端圆,具腺点及白色髯毛。花、果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华南、华东、华中等部分省市,常成丛生于海拔120-1250米山坡、路旁、田边、溪旁、河岸、草丛、灌丛、林下沙壤土上。俄罗斯、朝鲜也有。
用途(Use):全草入药,治急性肝炎、急性胆囊炎、跌打瘀肿等症。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 274
Isodon serra (Maximowicz) Kudô, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 125. 1929.
溪黄草 xi huang cao | Lamiaceae  | Isodon
Plectranthus serra Maximowicz, Melanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Petersbourg 9: 428. 1875.
Herbs perennial. Stems erect, to 1.5(-2) m tall, ± glabrescent basally, densely retrorse pubescent, much branched at apex. Petiole 0.5-3.5 cm, broadly winged at apex, densely pubescent; leaf blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 3.5-10 × 1.5-4.5 cm, thin papery, adaxially dark green, abaxially greenish, ± glabrescent, sparsely yellowish glandular, base cuneate, margin coarsely incurved serrate, apex ± acuminate; lateral veins 4- or 5-paired, elevated. Panicles loose, 10-20 cm, terminal; cymes 5- to many flowered, pedunculate; floral leaves short petiolate, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate; bracteoles 1-3 mm, pubescent. Calyx campanulate, ca. 1.5 mm, densely whitish pubescent outside, glandular; teeth erect, narrowly triangular, subequal, ca. 0.8 mm; fruiting calyx dilated, broadly campanulate, base ± urceolate, ca. 3 mm, conspicuously veined. Corolla purple, to 6 mm, puberulent outside; tube ca. 3 mm. Stamens included. Style included. Nutlets broadly ovoid, ca. 1.5 mm, apex whitish barbate. Fl. Aug-Oct, fr. Sep-Oct.
Hills, riverbanks, streamsides, thickets, forests, sandy areas; 100-1200 m. Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Korea, Russia].





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