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硫华菊Cosmos sulphureus

时间:2013-07-23 08:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):硫华菊 学名( Scientific Name ): Cosmos sulphureus Cav. 英文名( English Common Name ): sulphur cosmos 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 黄秋英、硫磺菊 异名( Synonym ): Cosmea sulphurea Willd. Cosmos aurantia








中文名(Chinese Name):硫华菊
学名(Scientific Name):Cosmos sulphureus Cav.
英文名(English Common Name):sulphur cosmos
别名(Chinese Common Name):黄秋英、硫磺菊
异名(Synonym):Cosmea sulphurea Willd.  Cosmos aurantiacus Klatt  Cosmos artemisiifolius (Jacq.) M.R.Almeida  Coreopsis artemisiifolia Jacq.  Bidens sulfurea (Cav.) Sch.Bip.  Bidens artemisiifolia f. grandiflora Kuntze  Bidens artemisiifolia f. parviflora Kuntze  Bidens artemisiifolia f. rubra Kuntze  Bidens artemisiifolia subsp. intermedia Kuntze  Bidens artemisiifolia var. rubra Kuntze  Cosmos sulphureus var. exaristatus Sherff  Cosmos sulphureus var. hirsuticaulis Sherff
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)秋英属
形态特征(Description):一年生或多年生草本,高1-2米。舌状花金黄色或橘黄色;叶2-3次羽状深裂,裂片较宽,披针形至椭圆形;瘦果有粗毛,连同喙长达18-25毫米,喙纤弱,花期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产墨西哥至巴西,在云南等部分地区已归化。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 856, 857
Cosmos sulphureus Cavanilles, Icon. 1: 56. 1791.
硫磺菊 liu huang ju | Asteraceae  | Cosmos
Plants 30-200 cm tall, glabrous or sparsely pilose to hispid. Leaves petiolate; petiole 1-7 cm; blade 5-12(-25) cm, ultimate lobes 2-5 mm wide, margin sparsely spinulose-ciliate, apex apiculate. Peduncles 10-20 cm; calycular bracts spreading-ascending, linear-subulate, 5-7(-10) mm, apices acute; involucre 6-10 mm in diam.; phyllaries erect, oblong-lanceolate, 9-13(-18) mm, apices acute to rounded-obtuse. Ray corollas intensely yellow to red-orange, lamina obovate, 18-30 mm, apices ± truncate, denticulate. Disk corollas 6-7 mm. Achenes 15-30 mm, usually hispidulous, rarely glabrous; pappus absent, or of 2 or 3 widely divergent awns 1-7 mm. Fl. Jun-Sep. 2n = 24, 48.
Introduced in Beijing, Guangdong, and Yunnan [native to Mexico].
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