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金盏花Calendula officinalis

时间:2013-07-23 07:41来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):金盏花 学名( Scientific Name ): Calendula officinalis L. 英文名( English Common Name ): pot marigold 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 金盏菊 异名( Synonym ): Calendula aurantiaca Kotschy ex Boiss. Calendul








中文名(Chinese Name):金盏花
学名(Scientific Name):Calendula officinalis L.
英文名(English Common Name):pot marigold
别名(Chinese Common Name):金盏菊
异名(Synonym):Calendula aurantiaca Kotschy ex Boiss.  Calendula eriocarpa DC.  Calendula prolifera Hort. ex Steud.  Calendula hydruntina (Fiori) Lanza  Calendula ×santamariae Font Quer  Calendula officinalis var. prolifera Hort.  Calendula santamariae Font Quer  Calendula sinuata var. aurantiaca (Klotzsch ex Boiss.) Boiss.
科属Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)金盏花属
形态特征Description):一年生或多年生草本植物,株高30~70cm,全株被毛。基生叶长圆状倒卵形或匙形,全缘或具疏细齿,茎生叶长圆状披针形或长圆状倒卵形,无柄。头状花序单生茎枝端,花黄色或橙黄色,具香气。瘦果弯曲。花期4~6月,果熟期5~7月。
分布(Distribution):原产欧洲,我国南北均有栽培。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 819
Calendula officinalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 921. 1753.
金盏菊 jin zhan ju | Asteraceae  | Calendula
Herbs, annual, 20-75 cm tall, usually branched from base, green, ± glandular pubescent. Basal leaves oblong-obovate or spatulate, 15-20 cm, margin entire or remotely denticulate; stem leaves oblong, oblong-lanceolate, or oblong-obovate, 5-15 × 1-3 cm, ± amplexicaul, margin inconspicuously repand-denticulate, apex obtuse, rarely acute. Capitula 4-5 cm in diam.; phyllaries lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, outer slightly longer than inner, acuminate. Ray florets yellow or orange, ca. 2 × as long as involucre, lamina up to 4-5 mm wide. Disk florets with triangular-lanceolate lobes. Achenes curved, yellowish or brownish, outer half-curved, often aculeate rostrate at apex, lateral-winged ridge irregularly rugose. Fl. Apr-Sep, fr. Jun-Oct.
Cultivated as an ornamental in parks and gardens of China [native origin unknown].
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